Sökning: "adsorption"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 936 avhandlingar innehållade ordet adsorption.

  1. 1. Modeling adsorption of organic compounds on activated carbon : a multivariate approach

    Författare :Jufang Wu; Anders Cedergren; Ingrid Fängmark; Ola Claesson; Lars-Gunnar Hammarström; Fritz Stoeckli; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Analytical chemistry; activated carbon; adsorption; adsorption capacity; adsorption rate; PCA; PLS; binary mixtures; Dubinin-Radushkevich; Wheeler-Jonas; Analytisk kemi; Analytical chemistry; Analytisk kemi; analytisk kemi; Analytical Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Activated carbon is an adsorbent that is commonly used for removing organic contaminants from air due to its abundant pores and large internal surface area. This thesis is concerned with the static adsorption capacity and adsorption kinetics for single and binary organic compounds on different types of activated carbon. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Polyelectrolyte adsorption on oppositely charged surfaces - Conformation and adsorption kinetics

    Författare :Lars-Erik Enarsson; Lars Wågberg; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Polyelectrolyte adsorption; adsorption kinetics; adsorption isotherms; conformation; bridging; stagnation point adsorption reflectometry; quartz crystal microgravimetry; polyelectrolyte titration; cationic polyacrylamide; cationic dextran; colloidal silica; silica surfaces; pulp; Chemistry; Kemi;

    Sammanfattning : Denna avhandling presenterar experimentella studier av polyelektrolytadsorption på motsatt laddade ytor, där substrat av både kiseloxid och blekt barrsulfatmassa har använts. Ett huvudsakligt syfte med denna forskning var att karaktärisera konformationen hos adsorberade skikt av katjonisk polyakrylamid (CPAM) i jämförelse med katjonisk dextran (Cdextran) och relatera denna information till inbindningskapaciteten av kolloidal kiselsyra. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Removal of Inorganic Anionic Pollutants from Water using Adsorption Technology

    Författare :Eva Kumar; William Hogland; Marcia Marques; Mika Sillanpää; Kenneth M. Persson; Linnéuniversitetet; []
    Nyckelord :Water treatment; adsorption; inorganic anionic pollutants; granular ferric hydroxide GFH ; nano-alumina; adsorption isotherms; adsorption kinetics; modeling.; Miljövetenskap; Environmental Science; Environmental technology; Miljöteknik;

    Sammanfattning : In the era of urbanization, industrialization and population growth, groundwater and drinking water sources are getting adversely polluted due to the addition of different toxic contaminants including inorganic anionic pollutants. The inorganic anions are of serious concern due to their adverse health effects on humans, even when present at very low concentrations in water. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Development and improvement of methods for characterization of HPLC stationary phases

    Författare :Torgny Undin; Torgny Fornstedt; Jörgen Samuelsson; Anders Törncrona; Johan Ekeroth; Douglas Westerlund; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Adsorption isotherms; Elution by characteristic points; Inflection points; Single component adsorption; Elution by characteristic points method; Slope data; ECP-slope method; Adsorption; Adsorption energy distribution; Adsorption isotherms; AED; Characterization of adsorption processes; Chromatographic analysis; Chromatography; Hydrophobic-subtraction method HSM ; Hydrophobicity; Linear methods; Linear Models; Liquid chromatography; metoprolol; Non-linear methods; Nonlinear methods; phenol; priority journal; propranolol; Retention mechanism; reversed phase liquid chromatography; Solvation; Subtraction method; Thermodynamics; Chemistry with specialization in Surface Biotechnology; Kemi med inriktning mot ytbioteknik;

    Sammanfattning : High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) is a widely used tech-nique both for detecting and purifying substances in academy and in the industry. In order to facilitate the use of, and knowledge in HPLC, character-ization of stationary phases is of utmost importance. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Insights into Materials Properties from Ab Initio Theory : Diffusion, Adsorption, Catalysis & Structure

    Författare :Andreas Blomqvist; Rajeev Ahuja; Christopher Wolverton; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Density functional theory; Molecular dynamics; Diffusion; Catalysis; Adsorption; Random structure search; Hydrogen-storage materials; Phase-change materials; Defects and diffusion; Defekter och diffusion; Surfaces and interfaces; Ytor och mellanytor; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, density functional theory (DFT) calculations and DFT based ab initio molecular dynamics simulations have been employed in order to gain insights into materials properties like diffusion, adsorption, catalysis, and structure. In transition metals, absorbed hydrogen atoms self-trap due to localization of metal d-electrons. LÄS MER