Sökning: "Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 76 avhandlingar innehållade orden Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik.

  1. 1. Atomic Scale Design of Clean Energy Materials : Efficient Solar Energy Conversion and Gas Sensing

    Författare :Jawad Nisar; Rajeev Ahuja; Puru Jena; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Photocatalysts; Band gap narrowing; Water dissociation; Density functional theory; Gas sensing; Kaolinite; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : The focus of this doctoral thesis is the atomic level design of photocatalysts and gas sensing materials. The band gap narrowing in the metal oxides for the visible-light driven photocatalyst as well as the interaction of water and gas molecules on the reactive surfaces of metal oxides and the electronic structure of kaolinite has been studied by the state-of-art calculations. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The Electronic Structure of Organic Molecular Materials : Theoretical and Spectroscopic Investigations

    Författare :Iulia Emilia Brumboiu; Barbara Brena; Biplab Sanyal; Olle Eriksson; Jakob Schiøtz; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; materials theory; electronic structure; photoelectron spectroscopy; near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik; Materialvetenskap; Materials Science;

    Sammanfattning : In the present thesis the electronic properties of two organic molecules were studied by means of density functional theory (DFT) in connection to their possible applications in organic photovoltaics and molecular spintronics respectively.The first analysed system is the C60 derivative PCBM extensively used in polymer solar cells for the charge separation process. LÄS MER

  3. 3. X-ray Absorption and Fragmentationas Initial Steps of Radiation Damage in Free Organic Molecules and Nanoparticles

    Författare :Abdul Rahman Abid; Minna Patanen; Olle Björneholm; Juha Nikkinen; Laurent Nahon; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Coincidence spectroscopy; PEPI PI CO; electron spectroscopy; X-ray absorption spectroscopy; mass spectrometry; photodissociation; gas-phase; liquids; nanoparticles; charge transfer; synchrotron radiation; Fysik; Physics; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : Understanding the molecular radiation damage is crucial in radiobiology, molecular physics, and atmospheric science. In this thesis, the initial steps of radiation damage of anhydrous gas-phase molecules and hydrated nanoparticles were studied using synchrotron radiation based electron-ion coincidence spectroscopy and X-ray absorption spectroscopy under vacuum conditions. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Influence of defects and impurities on the properties of 2D materials

    Författare :Soumyajyoti Haldar; Biplab Sanyal; Olle Eriksson; Torbjörn Björkman; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; 2D Materials; Defects on 2D materials; Impurities on 2D materials; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : Graphene, the thinnest material with a stable 2D structure, is a potential alternative for silicon-based electronics. However, zero band gap of graphene causes a poor on-off ratio of current thus making it unsuitable for logic operations. This problem prompted scientists to find other suitable 2D materials. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Magnetoplasmonic nanostructures

    Författare :Emil Melander; Vassilios Kapaklis; Björgvin Hjörvarsson; Evangelos Th. Papaioannou; Paolo Vavassori; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Magnetism; nanostructures; plasmons; magneto-optics; magnetoplasmonics; Physics with spec. in Atomic; Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics; Fysik med inriktning mot atom- molekyl- och kondenserande materiens fysik;

    Sammanfattning : Surfaces that are nanopatterned, metallic, and magnetic can support surface plasmon resonances, providing an alternative and effective way to reconfigure flat optical components. Utilising a range of near- and far-field characterisation techniques, the optical and magneto-optical properties of lithographically patterned thin magnetic films are investigated. LÄS MER