Sökning: "Kemi"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 6074 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Kemi.

  1. 1. Synthesis of protic ionic liquids. Challenges and solutions for the synthesis of pure compounds

    Författare :Eduardo Maurina Morais; Chalmers tekniska högskola; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Protic ionic liquids; Fuel cells; Synthesis; DFT;

    Sammanfattning : The urgent need to diversify our energy matrix is responsible for a renewed interest in fuel cell technology, which can use hydrogen gas, a renewable green fuel, as an energy source. This technology is currently a commercially available option, however, it still requires technological improvements before it can be widely used for different applications. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Green Aromatics: Catalytic Valorisation of bio-derived 2,5-dimethylfuran over Zeolites and Zeotypes

    Författare :Christopher Sauer; Chalmers tekniska högskola; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biomass conversion; infrared spectroscopy; BTX Aromatics; 2; 5-dimethylfuran; Zeolite; Catalysis; Online Analysis; Zeotype;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis discusses the use of biomass as a potentially green feedstock for the chemical industry in the urgent shift away from fossil resources. I elaborate on reasons why we cannot afford to burn virgin biomass for energy production, among them a variety of ecosystem services that forests and other lands provide. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Computational Studies of Chemical Interactions: Molecules, Surfaces and Copper Corrosion

    Författare :Joakim Halldin Stenlid; Tore Brinck; Thomas Bligaard; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; computational chemistry; density functional theory; chemical interactions; reactivity descriptors; copper corrosion; surface and materials science; nucleophilic substitution reactions; heterogeneous catalysis; transition metal oxides; nanotechnology; beräkningskemi; täthetsfunktionalteori; kemiska interaktioner; reaktivitetsdeskriptorer; kopparkorrosion; yt- och materialvetenskap; nukleofila substitutionsreaktioner; heterogen katalys; överångsmetalloxider; nanoteknologi; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The chemical bond – a corner stone in science and a prerequisite for life – is the focus of this thesis. Fundamental and applied aspects of chemical bonding are covered including the development of new computational methods for the characterization and rationalization of chemical interactions. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Theoretical Studies of Natural Gas Hydrates and H-bonded Clusters and Crystals

    Författare :Yuan Liu; Lars Ojamäe; Per-Olov Käll; Ben Slater; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis H-bonded systems (natural gas hydrates, water clusters, and crystal ice) are studied by density functional theory (DFT) computations.Natural gas hydrates (NGHs) play an important role in energy and environmental fields: NGHs are considered as a promising backup energy resource in the near-future due to their tremendous carbon content; improper exploration of NGHs could induce geological disasters and aggravate the greenhouse effect. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Effects of methyl jasmonate on chemical defenses of conifer seedlings in relation to feeding by Hylobius abietis

    Författare :Lina Lundborg; Anna-Karin Borg-Karlson; Irena Valterová; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Pinaceae; Pinus pinaster; Pinus radiata; Pinus sylvestris; Picea abies; Thaumetopoea pityocampa; Hylobius abietis; Needles; Phloem; Feeding; Vaccination; Priming; Methyl jasmonate; Aromatics; Phenolics; Monoterpenes; Pinaceae; Pinus pinaster; Pinus radiata; Pinus sylvestris; Picea abies; Thaumetopoea pityocampa; Hylobius abietis; Barr; Floem; Ätning; Vaccinering; Metyljasmonat; Aromater; Fenoler; Monoterpener; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The chemical elicitor methyl jasmonate (MeJA) could replace insecticides in Europe and Asia for protection of young conifers against the pine weevil (Hylobius abietis). This thesis mainly focuses on the effects of MeJA treatment on chemical defenses of conifers from seedling batches with documented field resistance. LÄS MER