Sökning: "Regional cerebral blood flow"

Visar resultat 16 - 20 av 58 avhandlingar innehållade orden Regional cerebral blood flow.

  1. 16. Aspects of Frontal and Medial Temporal Brain Functions. Neuropsychological and functional imaging studies in normals and in frontotemporal dementia

    Författare :Christina Elfgren; Institutionen för psykologi; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; neurophysiology; regional cerebral blood flow; Neuropsychological assessment; frontotemporal dementia; normal subjects; frontal lobes; Neurologi; medial temporal lobes; neuropsychology; Neurology; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis is based on five investigations. In the first study the nature and the degree of cognitive impairment of patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is explored. The results from neuropsychological assessment are described as three levels of cognitive impairment. LÄS MER

  2. 17. Dementia with Lewy bodies - a clinical and neurological approach

    Författare :Elisabet Londos; Klinisk minnesforskning; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Alzheimers diseases; Clinical features; Neuropathology; Cerebral Blood Flow; Gerontologi; Gerontology; Dementia; Lewy bodies;

    Sammanfattning : Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a dementia disorder, clinically characterized by fluctuating cognitive impairment, attention deficits, visual hallucinations, parkinsonism and other neuropsychiatric features. Sensitivity to neuroleptic medication is a common finding. LÄS MER

  3. 18. Fear, Startle, and Fear-Potentiated Startle : Probing Emotion in the Human Brain

    Författare :Anna Pissiota; Mats Fredrikson; Scott Rauch; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Psychology; anxiety; attention; brain; fear; fear-potentiated startle; human; neuroimaging; positron emission tomography; posttraumatic stress disorder; regional cerebral blood flow; startle; startle habituation; symptom provocation; Psykologi; Psychology; Psykologi; Psychology; psykologi;

    Sammanfattning : The present thesis explored the neurobiological basis of three aspects of defense behaviors in humans. Positron emission tomography methodology was used, and changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) were measured as an index of neural activity. LÄS MER

  4. 19. Nuclear magnetic resonance and microcirculation: The influence of pulsatile brain-tissue motion on measurements of intravoxel incoherent motion and assessment of haemodynamics using exo- and endogenous tracers

    Författare :Ronnie Wirestam; Lund Medicinsk strålningsfysik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; diagnostic radiology; cortical activation; diffusion; tumor; tumour; ischemic stroke; ischaemic stroke; tracer kinetics; bolus tracking; phase mapping; brain motion; intracranial dynamics; blood flow; haemodynamics; vascularity; MRS; perfusion; MRI; magnetic resonance; Clinical physics; radiology; tomography; medical instrumentation; Klinisk fysiologi; radiologi; tomografi; medicinsk instrumentering;

    Sammanfattning : In this project, the potential of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and spectroscopy in studies of microcirculation and haemodynamics was evaluated. The spatial and temporal characteristics of human pulsatile brain-tissue movements in healthy individuals, relevant for the understanding of the cerebrospinal-fluid (CSF) circulation and the pathogenesis of hydrocephalus, were thoroughly investigated. LÄS MER

  5. 20. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Studies in Anxiety Disorders

    Författare :Åsa Michelgård Palmquist; Mats Fredrikson; Lars von Knorring; Hans Ågren; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Positron emission tomography; PET; amygdala; fear; anxiety; anxiety disorders; specific phobia; social phobia; posttraumatic stress disorder; PTSD; regional cerebral blood flow; rCBF; substance P; SP; neurokinin 1 receptor; NK1; GR205171; STAI-S; Psychiatry; Psykiatri; Neurobiology; Neurobiologi; Neuroscience; Neurovetenskap; Experimental brain research; Experimentell hjärnforskning; Molecular neurobiology; Molekylär neurobiologi; Radiation biology; Strålningsbiologi; Neurobiology; Neurobiologi; Neurobiology; Neurobiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Anxiety disorders are very common and the primary feature is abnormal or inappropriate anxiety. Fear and anxiety is often mediated by the amygdala, a brain structure rich in substance P (SP) and neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptors. LÄS MER