Sökning: "kvantmekanik"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 53 avhandlingar innehållade ordet kvantmekanik.

  1. 1. Quantum Devices from the Assembly of Zero- and One-Dimensional Building Blocks

    Detta är en avhandling från Division of Solid State Physics, Box 118, 221 00 Lund

    Författare :Claes Thelander; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2003]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; quantum devices; classical mechanics; quantum mechanics; relativity; statistical physics; thermodynamics; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; klassisk mekanik; kvantmekanik; relativitet; gravitation; termodynamik; statistisk fysik; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; single-electron transistor; nanowires; AFM; carbon nanotubes; Fysicumarkivet A:2003:Thelander;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis describes novel methods for the fabrication of nanometer-scale electronic devices, such as single-electron transistors and resonant tunneling diodes, from wire- and dot-shaped building blocks. The first part of the thesis describes the manipulation of metal nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes using an atomic force microscope. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Extending the nuclear cranking model to tilted axis rotation and alternative mean field potentials

    Detta är en avhandling från Mathematical Physics, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund University

    Författare :Peter Olivius; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2004]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; classical mechanics; gravitation; statistical physics; Kärnfysik; Nuclear physics; kvantmekanik; relativitet; statistisk fysik; termodynamik; thermodynamics; klassisk mekanik; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; Nuclear Structure; Tilted axis rotation; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; quantum mechanics; relativity; Fysicumarkivet A:2004:Olivius;

    Sammanfattning : The nuclear model for three dimensional cranking is extended to include a generalization of the Strutinski renormalization procedure from principal axis cranking to cranking about an tilted axis. A new computer code has been written for realistic, full-scale calculations within the three dimensional cranking model. LÄS MER

  3. 3. On the Use of Laser-Induced Incandescence for Soot Diagnostics: From Theoretical Aspects to Applications in Engines

    Detta är en avhandling från Avdelningen för Förbränningsfysik, Fysiska Institutionen, Lunds Tekniska Högskola

    Författare :Henrik Bladh; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2007]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Laser-Induced Incandescence; Laser Diagnostics; LII; Soot; Model; Engine; Particulates; Soot volume fraction; Combustion; Physics; Fysik; quantum mechanics; classical mechanics; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; thermodynamics; statistical physics; gravitation; relativity; kvantmekanik; klassisk mekanik; termodynamik; statistisk fysik; relativitet; Gases; Gaser; fluid dynamics; plasmas; Teknik; Laserteknik; Motors and propulsion systems; Motorer; framdrivningssystem; fluiddynamik; plasma; Technological sciences; Laser technology;

    Sammanfattning : The laser-induced incandescence technique (LII) is a laser-based diagnostic technique for measurements of soot volume fraction and particle size. The technique relies on detection of incandescent light from soot particles heated to around 4000 K using nanosecond laser pulses. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Resonant states in modulation-doped heterostructures

    Detta är en avhandling från Anders Blom, Sölvegatan 14 A, S-223 62 Lund, Sweden

    Författare :Anders Blom; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2003]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; generation-recombination noise; THz laser; classical mechanics; relativity; quantum mechanics; statistisk fysik; gravitation; relativitet; kvantmekanik; klassisk mekanik; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; thermodynamics; termodynamik; statistical physics; donor energies; Si SiGe quantum well; central-cell effect; impurity absorption; Fysicumarkivet A:2003:Blom; Resonant states; impurity levels;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis deals with the properties of donors placed inside or outside a heterostructure quantum well (QW). The focus of the investigation has been on the formation of resonant states, which are a hybridization of the discrete localized impurity levels and the continuous two-dimensional QW subbands. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Isospin Breaking in Kaon Decays to Pions

    Detta är en avhandling från KFS AB

    Författare :Fredrik Borg; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2005]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Elementary particle physics; termodynamik; statistisk fysik; gravitation; relativitet; kvantmekanik; thermodynamics; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; Pseudo-scalar meson; Isospin Breaking; Chiral Perturbation Theory; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; classical mechanics; quantum mechanics; relativity; statistical physics; Weak Interaction; Strong Interaction; kvantfältteori; High energy interactions; Kärnfysik; Nuclear physics; klassisk mekanik; quantum field theory; cosmic rays; Kosmisk strålning; högenergi; Elementarpartikelfysik;

    Sammanfattning : The five different K -> 3 Pi and the three K -> 2 Pi decays are calculated in Chiral Perturbation Theory. The calculation is done using different approximations, to study whether this changes the result significantly. First the isospin approximation is used. Discrepancies are then found between theory and experiment. LÄS MER