Sökning: "LII"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 31 avhandlingar innehållade ordet LII.

  1. 1. On the Use of Laser-Induced Incandescence for Soot Diagnostics: From Theoretical Aspects to Applications in Engines

    Detta är en avhandling från Avdelningen för Förbränningsfysik, Fysiska Institutionen, Lunds Tekniska Högskola

    Författare :Henrik Bladh; [2007]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Laser-Induced Incandescence; Laser Diagnostics; LII; Soot; Model; Engine; Particulates; Soot volume fraction; Combustion; Physics; Fysik; quantum mechanics; classical mechanics; Mathematical and general theoretical physics; Matematisk och allmän teoretisk fysik; thermodynamics; statistical physics; gravitation; relativity; kvantmekanik; klassisk mekanik; termodynamik; statistisk fysik; relativitet; Gases; Gaser; fluid dynamics; plasmas; Teknik; Laserteknik; Motors and propulsion systems; Motorer; framdrivningssystem; fluiddynamik; plasma; Technological sciences; Laser technology;

    Sammanfattning : The laser-induced incandescence technique (LII) is a laser-based diagnostic technique for measurements of soot volume fraction and particle size. The technique relies on detection of incandescent light from soot particles heated to around 4000 K using nanosecond laser pulses. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Laser Diagnostics for Applications to In-Cylinder Engine Investigations

    Detta är en avhandling från Division of Combustion Physics, Department of Physics, Lund University

    Författare :Robert Collin; [2004]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; LII; Rayleigh scattering; formaldehyde; OH; soot; dimethyl ether; Laser technology; Fysik; Laserteknik; Physics; LIF; Laser diagnostics; combustion engines; Fysicumarkivet A:2004:Collin;

    Sammanfattning : In the work presented in the thesis laser diagnostics was employed primarily in the investigation of engines, but was also used to study soot in flames. Quantitative measurements were performed for visualizing both in-cylinder soot formation and DME sprays in a combustion vessel. LÄS MER

  3. 3. High Repetition Rate Laser Diagnostics for Combustion Applications

    Detta är en avhandling från Division of Combustion Physics, Department of Physics, Lund University

    Författare :Johan Sjöholm; [2012]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; spray; diesel; optical engine; simultaneous; laser-induced fluorescence; fuel tracer; SLIPI; Raman; LII; laser diagnostic; combustion; high repetition rate; high-speed; PLIF; multi-YAG; LIF; fuel jet; Fysicumarkivet A:2012:Sjöholm;

    Sammanfattning : High repetition rate laser diagnostics has proven to be a useful tool for studying combustion phenomena. Laser techniques are, in general, relatively non-intrusive and have the potential to measure specific species at very low concentrations and with extremely high temporal resolution. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Multi-Dimensional Quantitative Laser-based Diagnostics - Development and Practial Applications

    Detta är en avhandling från Division of Combustion Physics, Department of Physics, Lund University

    Författare :Rikard Wellander; [2014]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Post injection; Structured illumination; Mie scattering; Dense sprays; Extinction coefficient; Signal attenuation; Laser extinction; Multiple scattering; Scattering measurements; Planar laser induced fluorescence; Time resolved; Imaging through turbulent media; Three-dimensional image acquisition; Diesel particulate filter regeneration; Wall impingent; Biodiesel; LII; Large-bore gas Engine; Pre-chamber ignition; Fysicumarkivet A:2014:Wellander;

    Sammanfattning : Laser based optical diagnostic methods are routinely used in combustion research. Many of the more common approaches are based on illuminating a cross-section of the sample with a thin laser sheet. For example, by targeting an electronic transition in a molecule, its concentration within the plane illuminated by the laser sheet can be deduced. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Optical Diagnostics of Soot in Combusting Sprays

    Detta är en avhandling från Division of Combustion Physics, Department of Physics, Lund University

    Författare :Raul Lima Ochoterena; [2009]
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Optical diagnostics.; Laser Induced Incandescence LII ; Elastic Light Scattering ELS ; Soot formation; Flame temperature; Spray combustion; Light Extinction LE ;

    Sammanfattning : Optical diagnostics in combusting diesel sprays were carried out in the Chalmers High Pressure, High Temperature (HP/HT) spray rig at conditions similar to those in an internal combustion engine, reaching up to 100 bar and 630 ◦ C. Spray development studies and combustion characterisation were done by high speed shadowgraphs that were digitally processed to measure the start of combustion, break-up, droplets and vapour penetration. LÄS MER