Sökning: "Elementary particle physics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 92 avhandlingar innehållade orden Elementary particle physics.

  1. 1. Searches for Particle Dark Matter : Dark stars, dark galaxies, dark halos and global supersymmetric fits

    Författare :Pat Scott; Joakim Edsjö; Lars Bergström; Jan Conrad; Dan Hooper; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; dark matter; supersymmetry; gamma rays; dwarf galaxies; stellar evolution; cosmological perturbations; phase transitions; statistical techniques; Astroparticle physics; Astropartikelfysik; Astroparticle physics; Astropartikelfysik; Cosmology; Kosmologi; Elementary particle physics; Elementarpartikelfysik; Computational physics; Beräkningsfysik; Formation and development of stars; Stjärnors bildning och utveckling; High energy astrophysics; Högenergiastrofysik; Theoretical Physics; teoretisk fysik;

    Sammanfattning : The identity of dark matter is one of the key outstanding problems in both particle and astrophysics. In this thesis, I describe a number of complementary searches for particle dark matter. LÄS MER

  2. 2. First Determination of the Electric Charge of the Top Quark and Studies of the Top Quark Pair Background to New Physics

    Författare :Per Hansson; Bengt Lund-Jensen; Jorgen D'Hondt; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; experimental particle physics; particle physics; standard model tests; dzero; fermilab; tevatron; top quark; top physics; electric charge; atlas; cern; lhc; large hadron collider; supersymmetry; Elementary particle physics; Elementarpartikelfysik; Physics; Fysik;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is concerned with experimental investigations of properties of the top quark and processes involving this particle. In the first part of the thesis, the first determination of the electric charge of the top quark is presented. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Physics at the High-Energy Frontier : Phenomenological Studies of Charged Higgs Bosons and Cosmic Neutrino Detection

    Författare :Oscar Stål; Gunnar Ingelman; Johan Rathsman; Jonathan Ellis; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; particle physics; Standard Model; beyond the Standard Model; supersymmetry; Higgs physics; charged Higgs boson; LHC; flavour physics; ultra-high-energy neutrinos; Askaryan effect; radio detection; lunar satellites; Elementary particle physics; Elementarpartikelfysik; högenergifysik; High Energy Physics;

    Sammanfattning : The Standard Model of particle physics successfully describes present collider data. Nevertheless, theoretical and cosmological results call for its extension. A softly broken supersymmetric completion around the TeV scale solves several of the outstanding issues. Supersymmetry requires two Higgs doublets, leading to five physical Higgs states. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Studies of Long-Lived Supersymmetric Top Quarks and Online Monitoring of the ATLAS First Level Calorimeter Trigger

    Författare :Marianne Johansen; Sten Hellman; David Milstead; Peter Christiansen; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; particle physics; fundamental questions in physics; supersymmetry; stable massive particles; LHC; the ATLAS experiment; the level-1 calorimeter trigger; CERN; Elementary particle physics; Elementarpartikelfysik; Physics; fysik;

    Sammanfattning : The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) has recently started colliding protons  at  7 TeV centre-of mass energy. Extensive searches for hitherto unobserved particles and physics processes will be made as part of an ambitious scientific programme which aims to answer some of the fundamental questions in modern physics. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Calibration of the ATLAS calorimeters and discovery potential for massive top quark resonances at the LHC

    Författare :Elin Bergeås Kuutmann; Jörgen Sjölin; Kerstin Jon-And; Sten Hellman; Hans Bøggild; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; particle physics; the ATLAS experiment; the Large Hadron Collider; calorimeter; calorimetry; hadronic calibration; top quark; top quark pair resonances; search for physics beyond the Standard Model; Elementary particle physics; Elementarpartikelfysik; Physics; Fysik; Physics; fysik;

    Sammanfattning : ATLAS is a multi-purpose detector which has recently started to take data at the LHC at CERN. This thesis describes the tests and calibrations of the central calorimeters of ATLAS and outlines a search for heavy top quark pair resonances. LÄS MER