Sökning: "computational chemistry"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 277 avhandlingar innehållade orden computational chemistry.

  1. 1. Computational Studies of Chemical Interactions: Molecules, Surfaces and Copper Corrosion

    Författare :Joakim Halldin Stenlid; Tore Brinck; Thomas Bligaard; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; computational chemistry; density functional theory; chemical interactions; reactivity descriptors; copper corrosion; surface and materials science; nucleophilic substitution reactions; heterogeneous catalysis; transition metal oxides; nanotechnology; beräkningskemi; täthetsfunktionalteori; kemiska interaktioner; reaktivitetsdeskriptorer; kopparkorrosion; yt- och materialvetenskap; nukleofila substitutionsreaktioner; heterogen katalys; överångsmetalloxider; nanoteknologi; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The chemical bond – a corner stone in science and a prerequisite for life – is the focus of this thesis. Fundamental and applied aspects of chemical bonding are covered including the development of new computational methods for the characterization and rationalization of chemical interactions. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Pilicides and Curlicides : Design, synthesis, and evaluation of novel antibacterial agents targeting bacterial virulence

    Författare :Erik Chorell; Fredrik Almqvist; Stephen Hanessian; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; pilicide; curlicide; anti-virulence; chaperone usher pathway; antibacterial; pili; curli; Escherichia coli; biofilm inhibitor; 2-pyridone; peptidomimetic; Organic chemistry; Organisk kemi; Bioorganic chemistry; Bioorganisk kemi; Pharmaceutical chemistry; Läkemedelskemi; Organic synthesis; Organisk syntes; Infectious diseases; Infektionssjukdomar; Biorganic Chemistry; bioorganisk kemi; Infectious Diseases; infektionssjukdomar; datorlingvistik; computational linguistics; organisk kemi; Organic Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : New strategies are needed to counter the growing problem of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. One such strategy is to design compounds that target bacterial virulence, which could work separately or in concert with conventional bacteriostatic or bactericidal antibiotics. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Computational Ecotoxicology

    Författare :Sergio Manzetti; David Van der Spoel; Janez Mavri; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; pollution; modeling; molecular; carcinogens; nanoparticles; quantum; chemistry; Chemistry with Specialisation in Theoretical Chemistry; Kemi med inriktning mot teoretisk kemi; Kemi med inriktning mot kvantkemi; Chemistry with specialization in Quantum Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Human society has progressed by polluting ecosystems since the early industrial revolution. Thus, large amounts of harmful chemical compounds have been dispersed in soils, seas, groundwaters and wildlife habitats, leading to a persistent toxicological load on the environment. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Computational Methods in Medicinal Chemistry : Mechanistic Investigations and Virtual Screening Development

    Författare :Fredrik Svensson; Christian Sköld; Anders Karlén; Anna Linusson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; DFT; IRAP; Virtual Screening; Catalysis; Palladium; Medicinal Chemistry; Läkemedelskemi;

    Sammanfattning : Computational methods have become an integral part of drug development and can help bring new and better drugs to the market faster. The process of predicting the biological activity of large compound collections is known as virtual screening, and has been instrumental in the development of several drugs today in the market. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Theoretical Studies of Natural Gas Hydrates and H-bonded Clusters and Crystals

    Författare :Yuan Liu; Lars Ojamäe; Per-Olov Käll; Ben Slater; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis H-bonded systems (natural gas hydrates, water clusters, and crystal ice) are studied by density functional theory (DFT) computations.Natural gas hydrates (NGHs) play an important role in energy and environmental fields: NGHs are considered as a promising backup energy resource in the near-future due to their tremendous carbon content; improper exploration of NGHs could induce geological disasters and aggravate the greenhouse effect. LÄS MER