Sökning: "Organisk kemi"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 772 avhandlingar innehållade orden Organisk kemi.

  1. 1. Computational Studies of Chemical Interactions: Molecules, Surfaces and Copper Corrosion

    Författare :Joakim Halldin Stenlid; Tore Brinck; Thomas Bligaard; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; computational chemistry; density functional theory; chemical interactions; reactivity descriptors; copper corrosion; surface and materials science; nucleophilic substitution reactions; heterogeneous catalysis; transition metal oxides; nanotechnology; beräkningskemi; täthetsfunktionalteori; kemiska interaktioner; reaktivitetsdeskriptorer; kopparkorrosion; yt- och materialvetenskap; nukleofila substitutionsreaktioner; heterogen katalys; överångsmetalloxider; nanoteknologi; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The chemical bond – a corner stone in science and a prerequisite for life – is the focus of this thesis. Fundamental and applied aspects of chemical bonding are covered including the development of new computational methods for the characterization and rationalization of chemical interactions. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Synthesis of Biomimetic Systems for Proton and Electron Transfer Reactions in the Ground and Excited State

    Författare :Giovanny A. Parada; Sascha Ott; Ana Moore; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Solar energy conversion; artificial photosynthesis; hydrogen bonds; excited state intramolecular proton transfer; tautomerization; proton-coupled electron transfer; photosensitizer; ruthenium complex.; Chemistry with specialization in Organic Chemistry; Kemi med inriktning mot organisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : A detailed understanding of natural photosynthesis provides inspiration for the development of sustainable and renewable energy sources, i.e. a technology that is capable of converting solar energy directly into chemical fuels. This concept is called artificial photosynthesis. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Chemical signals in interactions between Hylobius abietis and associated bacteria

    Författare :Karolin Axelsson; Jenny Lindh; Anna-Karin Borg-Karlson; Gunaratna Kuttuva Rajarao; Benedicte Albrectsen; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; Pine weevil; Hylobius; Rahnella; Pseudomonas; bacteria; fungi; metabolites; 2-methoxyphenol; 2-phenylethanol; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The pine weevil (Hylobius abietis L.) is one of the two topmost economically important insect pests in Swedish conifer forests. The damage increase in areas were the silvicultural practice is to use clear cuttings were the insects gather and breed. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Quantum Chemical Studies of Mechanisms and Stereoselectivities of Organocatalytic Reactions

    Författare :Peter Hammar; Hans Ågren; Fahmi Himo; Gregori Ujaque; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Theoretical chemistry; Teoretisk kemi; Organic chemistry; Organisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : As the field of organocatalysis is growing, it is becoming more important to understand the specific modes of action of these new organic catalysts. Quantum chemistry, in particular density functional theory, has proven very powerful in exploring reaction mechanisms as well as selectivities in organocatalytic reactions, and is the tool used in this thesis. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Molecular Imaging of Diabetic Kidney Tissue and Binding Studies of Proinsulin C-peptide

    Författare :Lina Lindfors; Jan Kihlberg; Ingela Lanekoff; Fredrik Almqvist; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Diabetic kidney disease; Proinsulin C-peptide; GPR146; Mass spectrometry imaging; nano-DESI; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Diabetic kidney disease is a serious complication of diabetes with a complex and incompletely understood pathology. In this work, the molecular changes in diabetic rat kidneys at a very early disease stage were studied using nanospray desorption electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry imaging. LÄS MER