Sökning: "Palladium"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 306 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Palladium.

  1. 1. Palladium-based Nanoplasmonics for Ultrafast and Deactivation-Resistant Hydrogen Detection

    Författare :Iwan Darmadi; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; plasmonic sensing; palladium hydride; palladium; polymer; localized surface plasmon resonance; Pd; nanoparticle; surfactant; hydrogen; palladium alloy; hydrogen sensor;

    Sammanfattning : In the hydrogen economy scenario, hHydrogen gas is ispotential to be the main energy carrier in the hydrogen economy scenario in the upcoming future. It receives much attention since the reaction with oxygen generates electricity and produces only clean waterhydrogen is attractive as energy carrier since the energy produced by its reaction with oxygen only producesleaves water as by-product. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Palladium(II)-Catalyzed Addition Reactions : Synthesis of Aryl Amidines and Aryl Ketones

    Författare :Jonas Rydfjord; Mats Larhed; Adriaan Minnaard; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Palladium; Catalysis; Palladium II catalysis; Synthesis; Addition Reactions; Cyanamide; Amidine; Aryl Amidine; Nitrile; Ketone; Aryl Ketone; Carbopalladation; Continuous-flow; Continuous flow; Microwave heating; Farmaceutisk vetenskap; Pharmaceutical Science;

    Sammanfattning : Palladium-catalyzed reactions have become one of the most important tools in modern organic chemistry due to its ability to catalyze the formation of new carbon-carbon bonds.The aim of the work presented in this thesis was to develop new palladium(II)-catalyzed addition reactions. LÄS MER

  3. 3. New Methods for the Synthesis of 3-Substituted 1-Indanones : A Palladium-Catalyzed Approach

    Författare :Anna Arefalk; Anders Hallberg; Mats Larhed; Juan Carlos Carretero; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Organic chemistry; Heck; palladium; indanone; annulation; microwave heating; triflate; sulfinyl imine; HIV-1 protease inhibitor; Organisk kemi; Organic chemistry; Organisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : In medicinal chemistry, there is a constant need for new preparative methods, both to make the synthesis process more effective, and to increase the accessibility to a wide variety of compounds. A number of different approaches can be used to attain these goals. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Palladium-catalyzed lignin valorization : Towards a lignin-based biorefinery

    Författare :Maxim Galkin; Joseph Samec; Rafael Luque; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURVETENSKAP; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; NATURAL SCIENCES; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Lignin; Heterogeneous Catalysis; Palladium; Biomass; Depolymerization; Reduction; Oxidation; Biorefinery; Transfer Hydrogenolysis; Organic Chemistry; Organisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : The work described in this thesis focuses on the cleavage of the β-O-4′ bond, which is the most abundant interunit linkage in the lignin polymer.In the first part, three methods based on palladium catalysis have been developed and their applicability has been verified using lignin model compounds. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Palladium(II)-Catalysed Heck and Addition Reactions : Exploring Decarboxylative and Desulfitative Processes

    Författare :Bobo Skillinghaug; Mats Larhed; Antonio de la Hoz Ayuso; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Palladium; catalysis; palladium II catalysis; synthesis; Heck; carboxylic acid; sulfinic acid; sodium sulfinate; nitrile; styrene; ketone; aryl ketone; electrospray ionization mass spectrometry; density functional theory; microwave heating; continuous flow; Chemistry with specialization in Organic Chemistry; Kemi med inriktning mot organisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : Palladium complexes have the ability to catalyse cross-coupling of two organic moieties through the formation of transient metal-carbon bonds, thus bringing them closer to each other to facilitate the formation of a new bond. Palladium-catalysed coupling reactions are one of the most important carbon-carbon forming reactions available to organic chemists and many of these reactions rely on the reactivity of aryl-palladium complexes. LÄS MER