Sökning: "barn lund"

Visar resultat 16 - 20 av 226 avhandlingar innehållade orden barn lund.

  1. 16. Premedication for intubation in newborn infants; pain assessment, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics

    Författare :Elisabeth Norman; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Premedication; pain; premature; newborn; aEEG; randomized controlled trial; thiopental; morphine; remifentanil; rapid sequence induction; ibntubation; pharmacokinetics; pharmacodynamics;

    Sammanfattning : Preterm infants undergo intensive care during a vulnerable period with hemodynamic instability and a rapidly developing and immature CNS. Adequate pain management is essential, since pain experience might lead to acute physiological reactions as well as neurological and neuropsychological sequels. LÄS MER

  2. 17. Scoliosis in cerebral palsy

    Författare :Katina Pettersson; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cerebral pares; scoliosis; Risk factors; Braces; CPCHILD; RELIABILITY; Validity; CHILDREN; Adults;

    Sammanfattning : BackgroundIndividuals with cerebral palsy (CP) have an increased risk for scoliosis, especially those with low gross motor function, affecting both quality of life and overall function. The aims were to increase the knowledge on the development of, and predictors for scoliosis and the use of spinal orthoses in individuals with CP, and also to evaluate the Caregiver Priorities and Child Health Index of Life with Disabilities (CPCHILD) questionnaire to examine health-related quality of life (HRQoL). LÄS MER

  3. 18. Screening Detected Celiac Disease in Children

    Författare :Charlotta Webb; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Celiac disease; screening; prevalence; small-bowel biopsy; enteropathy; transglutaminase; gluten-free diet; adherence;

    Sammanfattning : Background: The prevalence of celiac disease (CD) is estimated to be around 1%, but most CD cases are undiagnosed. Sweden experienced an epidemic of clinically detected celiac disease in children younger than 2 years of age, partly due to changes in infant feeding practices, were the amount of gluten and age at introduction was changed. LÄS MER

  4. 19. Initiation of ventilation, surfactant treatment, and lung function after preterm birth

    Författare :Lars Björklund; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Respiration; Artificial; Pediatrics; Pediatri; Respiratory Function Tests; Pulmonary Surfactants; Newborn; Respiratory Distress Syndrome; Infant; Premature; Animals;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis investigates lung function and the effects of rescue surfactant treatment in mechanically ventilated preterm human infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and the effects of ventilation at birth on the response to surfactant supplementation in preterm lambs. To assess lung function, the author recorded static pressure-volume (P-V) curves during passive deflation from total lung capacity (TLC) to ambient pressure and measured end-expiratory lung volume (FRC) during mechanical ventilation by tracer gas washout. LÄS MER

  5. 20. Video assisted gastrostomy in children

    Författare :Torbjörn Backman; Lund Pediatrik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Gastrostomy; Laparoscopy; VAG; Complications; VPS; Malignancy; Vomiting; Double U-stitch suture;

    Sammanfattning : Children with severe diseases can be provided nutritional support through a gastrostomy if needed. At the Department of Paediatric Surgery in Lund we have used the Video Assisted Gastrostomy (VAG) procedure since 1994 when establishing gastrostomies. LÄS MER