Sökning: "bone cement"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 44 avhandlingar innehållade orden bone cement.

  1. 1. Injectable Biomaterials for Spinal Applications

    Författare :Alejandro López; Cecilia Persson; Håkan Engqvist; Andreas Boger; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; injectable; biomaterials; bone cement; vertebral compression fractures; spine; radiopacity; minimally invasive treatment; low-modulus cement; oligomer; PMMA; calcium phosphate; vertebroplasty; bone; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot materialvetenskap; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science;

    Sammanfattning : The use of injectable biomaterials is growing as the demands for minimally invasive procedures, and more easily applicable implants become higher, but their availability is still limited due to the difficulties associated to their design.Each year, more than 700,000 vertebral compression fractures (VCF’s) are reported in the US and 500,000 VCF’s in Europe due to primary osteoporosis only. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Non-ionic contrast media in acrylic bone cement

    Författare :Fred Kjellson; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi; Material technology; Materiallära; materialteknik; PMMA; Bone cement; particle size; contrast media; radiopacity; iohexol; iodixanol; Clinical physics; radiology; tomography; medical instrumentation; Klinisk fysiologi; radiologi; tomografi; orthopaedics; Surgery; medicinsk instrumentering;

    Sammanfattning : Non-ionic, water-soluble, contrast media, iohexol and/or iodixanol, have been investigated for use in acrylic bone cement aimed for arthroplasty. Bone cement, containing the new particulate contrast media , was investigated for: quasi-static mechanical properties, water uptake properties, release of contrast media from the bone cement, biological responses from particulate bone cement, polymerisation reaction, polymerisation temperature, glass transition temperature, injectability and penetration into human cancellous bone, and radiopacity. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Orthogeriatric anaesthesia - studies on the bone cement implantation syndrome, risk prediction and intraoperative haemodynamics

    Författare :Fredrik Olsen; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; bone cement implantation syndrome; cemented hip hemiarthroplasty; bone cement; Nottingham hip fracture score; cardiac output monitoring; continuous spinal anaesthesia;

    Sammanfattning : The bone cementation implantation syndrome (BCIS), as seen in orthopaedic patients, is characterised by intraoperative hypotension and hypoxia and loss of consciousness around the time of bone cementation. In a retrospective study, the incidence of and risk factors for the BCIS and its impact on mortality during cemented hemiarthroplasty for hip fracture were evaluated. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Hip revisions with impacted morselized allograft bone and cement. Patient outcome, prosthetic fixation and risks

    Författare :Ewald Ornstein; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; radiostereometry; NHP; patient outcome; cement; allograft; morselized; impacted; bone transplantation; hip; Arthroplasty; revision; complications; Surgery; orthopaedics; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : 144 consecutive hip revisions performed with morselized allograft bone and cement were followed up to 5 years after surgery. In 49 hips patient outcome was evaluated with the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) questionnaire and Charnley hip scores in 47 hips prosthetic fixation was evaluated with radiostereometry (RSA)and in all 144 hips risks and complications were recorded using a prspective protocol. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Bone-compliant cements for vertebral augmentation

    Författare :Céline Robo; Cecilia Persson; Elizabeth Tanner; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; bone cement; low modulus; vertebroplasty; Teknisk fysik med inriktning mot materialvetenskap; Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science;

    Sammanfattning : Acrylic bone cement based on poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) is commonly used during vertebral augmentation procedures for the treatment of osteoporosis-induced vertebral compression fractures. However, the high stiffness of the cement compared to that of the surrounding trabecular bone is presumed to facilitate the formation of new fractures shortly after surgery. LÄS MER