Sökning: "ortopedi"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 389 avhandlingar innehållade ordet ortopedi.

  1. 1. The influence of alcohol on bone metabolism and fracture healing

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Orthopaedics, Lund University

    Författare :Fredrik Nyquist; [1998]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Kirurgi; traumatology; orthopaedics; Surgery; fracture prediction.; fracture healing; bone mineral density; Alcohol; post-traumatic osteopenia; fracture; ortopedi; traumatologi; Skeleton; muscle system; rheumatology locomotion; Skelett; muskelsystem; reumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : The influence of alcohol on bone metabolism, fracture and fracture healing was evaluated in men and male rats by measurements of bone mineral density (BMD), biochemical markers and biomechanical testings. Retrospectively, 199 male patients hospitalized for tibia shaft fractures were studied. Forty-nine were judged as problem drinkers. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Changes in bone mass and skeletal structure in the postmenopausal period

    Detta är en avhandling från Annelie Norrby, Department of Orthopaedics, Malmö University Hospital, 20502 Malmö, Sweden

    Författare :Henrik Ahlborg; [2003]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; orthopaedics; Surgery; hormone replacement therapy.; physical activity; bone strength; bone size; bone loss; longitudinal; Menopause; bone mineral density; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis was to evaluate long-term changes in bone mass and skeletal structure in the forearm in the peri- and postmenopausal period. 156 premenopausal women, at baseline aged 48 years, not taking medications and without disease processes known to interfere with bone metabolism, were followed through menopause by measurements of bone mass and skeletal structure at the cortical site of the distal radius by single photon absorptiometry, on average every second year until age 72. LÄS MER

  3. 3. On lumbar spine stabilization

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Orthopaedics, Lund University

    Författare :Paul Axelsson; [1996]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Kirurgi; orthopaedics; traumatology; Surgery; lumbar orthosis.; external pedicular fixation; adjacent segment; intervertebral mobility; Posterolateral lumbar fusion; roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : 71 consecutive posterolateral lumbar fusions without decompression or internal fixation were evaluated with a mean follow-up time of 3.5 (2-7) years. The diagnoses were spondylolysis-olisthesis in 43 cases, degenerative disc disease and/or facet joint arthrosis in 16 cases and pain post laminectomy/ decompression in 12 cases. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Fibrinolysis and blood loss in major arthroplasty. The effect of tranexamic acid

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Orthopaedics, Lund University

    Författare :Göran Benoni; [1997]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; oxygen saturation.; blood loss; pharmacokinetics; tranexamic acid; Fibrinolysis; knee and hip arthroplasty; orthopaedics; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : Blood loss in major arthroplasty may be abundant and often necessitates blood transfusions. These may transmit disease and entail an immunological burden to the recipient. After trauma and surgery, the fibrinolytic system reacts with a short period of increased activity, followed by a fibrinolytic shut-down. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Orthopaedic Patients with Lower Limb Vascular Injuries

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Karin Bernhoff; Martin Björck; Sari Ponzer; [2016]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Orthopaedics; Ortopedi; Kirurgi; Surgery;

    Sammanfattning : Vascular injuries in lower limbs are rare but serious events. If not detected and managed correctly and timely they can lead to permanent functional impairment and even limb loss. The increasing number of orthopaedic interventions, worldwide, makes awareness of this problem among orthopaedic surgeons important. LÄS MER