Sökning: "Utilitarianism"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 19 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Utilitarianism.

  1. 1. Hedonistic Act Utilitarianism : Action Guidance and Moral Intuitions

    Författare :Simon Rosenqvist; Folke Tersman; Jens Johansson; Ben Eggleston; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; hedonistic act utilitarianism; consequentialism; action guidance; moral intuitions; hedonism; thought experiments; ignorance; imagination; morality; normativity; ethics; moral theory; normative ethics; Filosofi; Philosophy;

    Sammanfattning : According to hedonistic act utilitarianism, an act is morally right if and only if, and because, it produces at least as much pleasure minus pain as any alternative act available to the agent. This dissertation gives a partial defense of utilitarianism against two types of objections: action guidance objections and intuitive objections. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Applying Utilitarianism. The problem of practical action-guidance : Att tillämpa utilitarismen. Problemet med praktisk handlingsvägledning

    Författare :Jonas Gren; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Act-utilitarianism; Action-guidance; Utilitarism > etik och moral; Beslutsfattande > psykologiska aspekter;

    Sammanfattning : This dissertation addresses the question of whether act-utilitarianism (AU) can provide practical action-guidance. Traditionally, when approaching this question, utilitarians invoke the distinction between criteria of rightness and methods of decision-making. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Moral Lessons from Psychology : Contemporary Themes in Psychological Research and their Relevance for Ethical Theory

    Författare :Henrik Ahlenius; Jonas Olson; Frans Svensson; Antti Kauppinen; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; HUMANIORA; NATURAL SCIENCES; SOCIAL SCIENCES; HUMANITIES; consequentialism; deontology; emotion; ethics; evolution; innate; moral judgment; moral philosophy; psychology; utilitarianism; virtue; Practical Philosophy; praktisk filosofi;

    Sammanfattning : The thesis investigates the implications for moral philosophy of research in psychology. In addition to an introduction and concluding remarks, the thesis consists of four chapters, each exploring various more specific challenges or inputs to moral philosophy from cognitive, social, personality, developmental, and evolutionary psychology. LÄS MER

  4. 4. F. A. Hayek's Critique of Legislation

    Författare :Cyril Holm; Torben Spaak; Pauline Westerman; Wennström Bo; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Hayek; legislation; rules; law; rationality; rational action; rational social order; equilibrium; utilitarianism; method of deliberation; criterion of correctness; Elinor Ostrom; Avner Greif; Vernon Smith; Joshua Epstein; complexity; knowledge; social cooperation; information; know-how; the Hayek problem; the invisible hand; Adam Smith; Mises; Keynes; Marx; welfare state; Gilbert Ryle; Michael Polanyi; theory of legislation; legisprudence; jurisprudence; Neo-Kantianism; historicism; cognitive closure; theory of prices; competition; syntax grammar; game theory; generative social science; agent-based computational modeling; institutional policy analysis; normative; primacy of economics; primacy of politics; Sheri Berman; constructivist rationalism; socialism; social democracy; Nozick; Rawls; distribution; justice; freedom; Kant; polycentric government; process of experimentation; speculative philosophy; analytical philosophy; freedom under the law; liberty; philosophy of mind; consequentialist; Jurisprudence; Allmän rättslära;

    Sammanfattning : The dissertation concerns F. A. Hayek’s (1899–1992) critique of legislation. The purpose of the investigation is to clarify and assess that critique. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Personalekonomi och "det goda" – om etik och effektivitet i arbetet : Human Resource Costing and Accounting and the Good – about ethics, efficiency and work

    Författare :Freddy Hällsten; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Human resources; ethics; efficiency; the good work; costing and accounting; utilitarianism; dignity of the individual; phronesis;

    Sammanfattning : Can Human Resource Costing and Accounting (HRCA) contribute when creating ”the good work”? What kind of perceptions are dominating among HRCA-actors – the system directed striving to attain organisational utility or the actor-directed aimed at ”the dignity of the individual”? What consequences are discernable if one of them is dominant? ”The good” can be characterised by utilitarianism – to create the utmost possible utility. ”The good” can also be considered from an action-theoretical perspective, that is based on Aristotle’s ideas about ethics (phronesis and praxis). LÄS MER