Sökning: "rationality"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 302 avhandlingar innehållade ordet rationality.

  1. 1. Rationality in inquiry : on the revisability of cognitive standards

    Författare :Jonas Nilsson; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; rationality; fallibilism; revisability; ultimate justification; relativism; bootstrap rationality; cognitive goals; Laudan; Briskman; Worrall; Hauptli; Apel; Theoretical philosophy; Teoretisk filosofi;

    Sammanfattning : The topic of this study is to what extent standards of rational inquiry can be rationally criticized and revised. It is argued that it is rational to treat all such standards as open to criticism and revision.Arguments to the effect that we are fallible with regard to all standards of rational inquiry are presented. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Human Rationality : Observing or Inferring Reality

    Författare :Maria P. Henriksson; Mats Fredrikson; Henrik Olsson; Klaus Fiedler; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; supervised learning; unsupervised learning; adaptation; niche picking; prototypes; rules; exemplar memory.; Psychology; Psykologi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis investigates the boundary of human rationality and how psychological processes interact with underlying regularities in the environment and affect beliefs and achievement. Two common modes in everyday experiential learning, supervised and unsupervised learning were hypothesized to tap different ecological and epistemological approaches to human adaptation; the Brunswikian and the Gibsonian approach. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Rationality and Cultural Understanding

    Författare :Tove Österman; Sören Stenlund; Pär Segerdahl; David Cockburn; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; rationality; relativism; logic; understanding; morality; truth; culture; context; Davidson; MacIntyre; Winch.; Theoretical philosophy; Teoretisk filosofi;

    Sammanfattning : In this dissertation I criticize a common conception of rationality prevalent in analytic philosophy. Rationality is here often seen as a purely cognitive, inner phenomenon which is static and universal, detached from any moral or cultural aspects of human life. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Bounded Rationality and Exemplar Models

    Författare :Magnus Persson; Peter Juslin; Nick Chater; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Psychology; PROBEX; Lazy Algorithm; Probabilistic Inference; Decision Making; Bounded Rationality; Ecological Rationality; Take The Best; exemplar models; correspondence; Psykologi; Psychology; Psykologi; Psychology; psykologi;

    Sammanfattning : Bounded rationality is the study of how human cognition with limited capacity is adapted to handle the complex information structures in the environment. This thesis argues that in order to understand the bounded rationality of decision processes, it is necessary to develop decision theories that are computational process models based upon basic cognitive and perceptual mechanisms. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Den rationella inbrottstjuven? : En studie om rationalitet och rationellt handlande i brott

    Författare :Lottie Wahlin; Sociologi; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; burglary; purposive action; reasoning; risk; drugs; ethnographical studies; narratives; interviews; bounded rationality; situational; Rationality; Sociology; cultural context.; Rational Choice Theory; Criminology; Sociologi; Kriminologi;

    Sammanfattning : Rationality as purposive action among burglars is the theme of this study. Various theories concerning rationality, Rational Choice Theory especially, are discussed. The first purpose of this thesis is to highlight the concept of rationality. Rationality is a complex concept and it is defined in various ways in the literature. LÄS MER