Sökning: "rationality"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 269 avhandlingar innehållade ordet rationality.

  1. 1. Rationality in inquiry on the revisability of cognitive standards

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå universitet

    Författare :Jonas Nilsson; Umeå universitet.; [2000]
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; rationality; fallibilism; revisability; ultimate justification; relativism; bootstrap rationality; cognitive goals; Laudan; Briskman; Worrall; Hauptli; Apel; HUMANITIES and RELIGION History and philosophy subjects Philosophy subjects Theoretical philosophy; HUMANIORA och RELIGIONSVETENSKAP Historisk-filosofiska ämnen Filosofiämnen Teoretisk filosofi;

    Sammanfattning : The topic of this study is to what extent standards of rational inquiry can be rationally criticized and revised. It is argued that it is rational to treat all such standards as open to criticism and revision.Arguments to the effect that we are fallible with regard to all standards of rational inquiry are presented. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Human Rationality Observing or Inferring Reality

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Maria P. Henriksson; Uppsala universitet.; [2015]
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; supervised learning; unsupervised learning; adaptation; niche picking; prototypes; rules; exemplar memory.; Psychology; Psykologi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis investigates the boundary of human rationality and how psychological processes interact with underlying regularities in the environment and affect beliefs and achievement. Two common modes in everyday experiential learning, supervised and unsupervised learning were hypothesized to tap different ecological and epistemological approaches to human adaptation; the Brunswikian and the Gibsonian approach. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Rationality and Cultural Understanding

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Universitetsbiblioteket

    Författare :Tove Österman; Uppsala universitet.; [2007]
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; rationality; relativism; logic; understanding; morality; truth; culture; context; Davidson; MacIntyre; Winch.; HUMANITIES and RELIGION History and philosophy subjects Philosophy subjects Theoretical philosophy; HUMANIORA och RELIGIONSVETENSKAP Historisk-filosofiska ämnen Filosofiämnen Teoretisk filosofi;

    Sammanfattning : In this dissertation I criticize a common conception of rationality prevalent in analytic philosophy. Rationality is here often seen as a purely cognitive, inner phenomenon which is static and universal, detached from any moral or cultural aspects of human life. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Bounded Rationality and Exemplar Models

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Magnus Persson; Uppsala universitet.; [2003]
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Psychology; PROBEX; Lazy Algorithm; Probabilistic Inference; Decision Making; Bounded Rationality; Ecological Rationality; Take The Best; exemplar models; correspondence; Psykologi; SOCIAL SCIENCES Social sciences Psychology; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP Socialvetenskap Psykologi; Psychology; psykologi;

    Sammanfattning : Bounded rationality is the study of how human cognition with limited capacity is adapted to handle the complex information structures in the environment. This thesis argues that in order to understand the bounded rationality of decision processes, it is necessary to develop decision theories that are computational process models based upon basic cognitive and perceptual mechanisms. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Testing for Rationality, Separability and Efficiency

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Economics, Lund Universtiy

    Författare :Per Hjertstrand; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2008]
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Revealed preference; Regional convergence; Rationality; Nonparametric; NONPAR test; LP test; GARP; Efficiency; Data Envelopment Analysis DEA ; Afriat’s Theorem; Bootstrap; Swofford and Whitney test; Weak separability;

    Sammanfattning : Popular Abstract in Swedish Denna avhandling syftar till att föreslå, utvärdera och applicera testprocedurer för rationalitet, svag separabilitet och effektivitet. Främst behandlas icke-parametriska så kallade ’revealed preference’ procedurer, vilka har fördelen att de, till skillnad från den parametriska ansatsen, inte behöver anslå någon funktionell form för nyttofunktionen. LÄS MER