Sökning: "prescription drug use disorders"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 10 avhandlingar innehållade orden prescription drug use disorders.

  1. 1. Psychoactive prescription drug use disorders, misuse and abuse : Pharmacoepidemiological aspects

    Författare :Micaela Tjäderborn; Staffan Hägg; Johan Ahlner; Anna Jönsson; Morten Andersen; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Psychoactive prescription drugs; psychotropic drugs; prescription drug use disorders; prescription drug misuse; abuse; pharmacovigilance; drug utilization; pharmacoepidemiology;

    Sammanfattning : Background: There is a widespread and increasing use of psychoactive prescription drugs, such as opioid analgesics, anxiolytics, hypnotics and anti-epileptics, but their use is associated with a risk of drug use disorder, misuse and abuse. Today, these are globally recognized and emerging public health concerns. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Bipolar disorders: Subtypes, treatments, and health inequalities

    Författare :Alina (Aikaterini) Karanti; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; bipolar disorders; drug therapy; lithium; lamotrigine; quetiapine; mood stabilizers; antidepressants; electroconvulsive therapy; psychotherapy; psychoeducation; comorbidity; socioeconomic factors; healthcare disparity; gender; education;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis comprises five studies based on prospective, longitudinal data from the Swedish national quality register BipoläR. Study I examined the differences between bipolar subtype I and II with respect to clinical features, course of illness, comorbidity, and socioeconomic factors. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Therapeutic Drug Monitoring in Psychiatry : Some aspects of utility in clinical practice and research

    Författare :Maria Dolores Chermá Yeste; Finn Bengtsson; Johan Ahlner; Ylva Böttiger; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; TDM; psychoactive drug; pharmacokinetics; pharmacogenetics; naturalistic; elderly; child; Clinical pharmacology; Klinisk farmakologi;

    Sammanfattning : Background and objectives: Several new psychoactive drugs for the treatment of psychiatric disorders have been introduced onto the market since the late 1980s. Basic aspects of pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics (PK) are investigated before approval for general prescription. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Use and misuse of sedative drugs and related substances - Findings in the general population and in individuals with opioid dependence

    Författare :Tove Abrahamsson; Lund Psykiatri; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Substance use; Sedatives; Anxiolytics; Hypnotics; Prescription drug miuse; Benzodiazepines; Z-drugs; Pregabalin; Self-assessed health; Quality of life; Opioid dependence; Opiate maintenance treatment; Mortality;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Prescription sedatives are efficient in the treatment of anxiety and sleeping disorders, but are associated with a risk of misuse and dependence, as well as an increased risk of accidents, injuries and overdoses, both in the general population and especially in individuals with other substance misuse. The present thesis aims to investigate prescription sedative use and misuse in two kinds of samples - in the general population, with focus on its association with subjective health and quality life, and in the subpopulation of individuals with opioid dependence, with focus on treatment outcome in opioid maintenance treatment and mortality. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Computational studies of photodynamic drugs, phototoxic reactions and drug design

    Författare :Klefah Abrahem Klefah Musa; Leif Eriksson; Nino Russo; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NSAIDs; fluoroquinolone; photodegradation; phototoxicity; drug design; DFT; TD-DFT; Biophysical chemistry; Biofysikalisk kemi; Kemi; Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The most important criterion when designing new drugs or improving old ones in order to prevent side effects or at least diminish them is drug safety. Treatment of all diseases generally needs use of either topical application or systemic medications (transported in the blood) during a certain period of time. LÄS MER