Sökning: "Anxiolytics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 13 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Anxiolytics.

  1. 1. Use and misuse of sedative drugs and related substances - Findings in the general population and in individuals with opioid dependence

    Författare :Tove Abrahamsson; Lund Psykiatri; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Substance use; Sedatives; Anxiolytics; Hypnotics; Prescription drug miuse; Benzodiazepines; Z-drugs; Pregabalin; Self-assessed health; Quality of life; Opioid dependence; Opiate maintenance treatment; Mortality;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Prescription sedatives are efficient in the treatment of anxiety and sleeping disorders, but are associated with a risk of misuse and dependence, as well as an increased risk of accidents, injuries and overdoses, both in the general population and especially in individuals with other substance misuse. The present thesis aims to investigate prescription sedative use and misuse in two kinds of samples - in the general population, with focus on its association with subjective health and quality life, and in the subpopulation of individuals with opioid dependence, with focus on treatment outcome in opioid maintenance treatment and mortality. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Drug use and side effects in th elderly : Findings from the Kungsholmen project

    Författare :Galina Passare; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Drug utilisation; elderly; side effects; adverse drug reactions; hypotension; hyponatremia; hypernatremia; hypokalaemia; hyperkalaemia; hyperglycemia; renal insufficiency; self-reported symptoms; antidepressants; anxiolytics;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis was to find occurrence of drug side effects in the elderly by studying the association between changes in clinical parameters and prevalence of self-reported symptoms and the use of drugs in an elderly population. The studies were performed in the Kungsholmen project, a longitudinal population based study of aging and dementia in Stockholm. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Drug use in the elderly - Risk or protection? : Findings from the Kungsholmen project

    Författare :Christel Cornelius; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Drug use; elderly; dementia; Alzheimer s disease; aspirin; NSAIDs; glucocorticoids; calcium channel blockers; apolipoprotein E; population-based study.;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis deals with different aspects of drug use in a population-based study with participants 75 years and older. The study was performed within the Kungsholmen Project in Stockholm, Sweden, using data from the baseline survey (1987-89), and the first (1991-93) and second (1994-96) followups In the first two papers we used cross-sectional data (n=1810) to describe tile drug Ilse pattern ill this population (I), and to examine the association between self-reported symptoms and drug use (II). LÄS MER

  4. 4. Older people with intellectual disability and affective and anxiety disorders: Comorbidities, healthcare utilisation, pharmacotherapy and frailty factors requiring support and social services

    Författare :Nadia El Mrayyan; Hälsofrämjande komplexa interventioner; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Ageing; Intellectual disability; Affective disorders; Anxiety disorders; Healthcare; Social Services; Drugs; Frailty factors;

    Sammanfattning : AbstractBackground: Affective and anxiety disorders have a higher occurrence in older people with intellectual disability (ID) than in the general population. However, there is a lack of research into this ageing group from the point of view of their health panorama, use of medicines, healthcare utilisation and social welfare support. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Intrinsic brain activity in health and disease

    Författare :Pär Flodin; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP;

    Sammanfattning : The main part of the brain’s energy need is to support housekeeping functions and internal information processing, regardless of external tasks. Cognitive brain imaging, aimed at relating mental phenomena to neurophysiological processes, has conventionally investigated the brain activity induced by external stimuli. LÄS MER