Sökning: "pharmacogenetics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 34 avhandlingar innehållade ordet pharmacogenetics.

  1. 1. Clinical Pharmacogenetics of Olanzapine : with Focus on FMO Gene Polymorphisms

    Författare :Mao Mao Söderberg; Marja-Liisa Dahl; Maria Gabriella Scordo; Inger Johansson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; olanzapine; pharmacogenetics; drug metabolism; schizophrenia; therapeutic drug monitoring; FMO1; FMO3; CYP1A2; UGT1A4; Clinical Pharmacology; Klinisk farmakologi;

    Sammanfattning : Pharmacogenetics is the study of variability in drug response attributed to genetic variation. Olanzapine (OLA) is a widely used antipsychotic drug for schizophrenia treatment. The pharmacokinetics of OLA display large inter-individual variation leading to multiple-fold differences in drug exposure between patients at a given dose. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Microarray Technology for Genotyping in Pharmacogenetics

    Författare :Ulrika Liljedahl; Ann-Christine Syvänen; Denis Grant; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Molecular medicine; microarray; genotyping; pharmacogenetics; molecular medicine; single nucleotide polymorphism; hypertension; Molekylärmedicin; Molecular medicine genetics and pathology ; Molekylär medicin genetik och patologi ;

    Sammanfattning : The studies in this thesis describe the development of a microarray based minisequencing system and its application to highly parallel genotyping of single nucleotide polymorphisms. The technical developments included identification of a three-dimensional microarray surface coating with high binding capacity for oligonucleotides modified with amino groups as the most optimal one for the system. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Pharmacogenetics and Antipsychotic Treatment in Schizophrenia with Special Focus on Adverse Drug Reactions

    Författare :Arzu Gunes; Marja-Liisa Dahl; Maria Gabriella Scordo; Kristina I. Melkersson; Jürgen Brockmöller; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Medicine; Pharmacogenetics; schizophrenia; antipsychotic treatment; adverse effects; clinical outcome; Medicin;

    Sammanfattning : Genetically determined differences in drug metabolism and disposition and drug targets play a pivotal role in the interindividual variability in the clinical outcome of antipsychotic treatment. The aim of this thesis was to study the impact of polymorphisms in genes involved in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of antipsychotics, with special focus on their extrapyramidal and metabolic adverse effects. LÄS MER

  4. 4. On the Prediction of Warfarin Dose

    Författare :Niclas Eriksson; Mia Wadelius; Lars Wallentin; Lars Berglund; Patrik Magnusson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Warfarin; pharmacogenetics; prediction models; Dosing algorithm; GWAS; VKORC1; CYP2C9; Clinical Pharmacology; Klinisk farmakologi;

    Sammanfattning : Warfarin is one of the most widely used anticoagulants in the world. Treatment is complicated by a large inter-individual variation in the dose needed to reach adequate levels of anticoagulation i.e. INR 2. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Pharmacogenetics from a Forensic Perspective : CYP2D6 and CYP2C19 genotype distributions in autopsy cases

    Författare :Anna-Lena Zackrisson; Johan Ahlner; Bertil Lindblom; Magnus Ingelman-Sundberg; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICINE; MEDICIN;

    Sammanfattning : In Sweden about 550 individuals die every year due to drug intoxication. A challenge for the forensic toxicologist is to determine whether or not the analytical results can explain intoxication as a cause of death. The most common drugs found among intoxication cases are psychiatric drugs and analgesics. LÄS MER