Sökning: "misfolded protein"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 69 avhandlingar innehållade orden misfolded protein.

  1. 1. Protein Misfolding in Human Diseases

    Författare :Karin Almstedt; Per Hammarström; Daniel Otzen; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Misfolding; carbonic anhydrase; prion protein; protein stability; Biochemistry; Biokemi;

    Sammanfattning : There are several diseases well known that are due to aberrant protein folding. These types of diseases can be divided into three main categories:Loss-of-function diseasesGain-of-toxic-function diseasesInfectious misfolding diseases Most loss-of-function diseases are caused by aberrant folding of important proteins. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The Interaction Between the Chaperonin GroEL and Human Carbonic Anhydrase II : Protein Folding and Stability Studies

    Författare :Malin Persson; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; carbonic anhydrase; protein folding; protein stability; chaperone; GroEL; folding mechanism; site-directed spinlabeling; electron paramagnetic resonance EPR ;

    Sammanfattning : The presence of GroEL/ES during the refolding of human carbonic anhydrase II was found to increase the yield of active enzyme from approx. 70 to approx. 100%. This chaperone action on the enzyme could be obtained by adding GroEL alone, and the time course in that case was only moderately slower than the spontaneous process. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Misfolded superoxide dismutase-1 in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    Författare :Per Zetterström; Stefan L Marklund; Lawrence J. Hayward; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ALS; SOD1; protein misfolding; SOD1 conformation; disulfide-reduced; transgenic mice; cerebrospinal fluid; protein-protein interaction; antibodies; Clinical chemistry; Klinisk kemi; Clinical Chemistry; klinisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a disease in which the motor neurons die in a progressive manner, leading to paralysis and muscle wasting. ALS is always fatal, usually through respiratory failure when the disease reaches muscles needed for breathing. Most cases are sporadic, but approximately 5–10% are familial. LÄS MER

  4. 4. On aging and the role of Ubp3 in heterochromatic gene silencing and protein quality control

    Författare :David Öling; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Aging; Protein damage; Segregation; Transcriptional silencing; rDNA; UBP3; SIR2; Protein aggregates;

    Sammanfattning : Aging is characterized by a build-up of damage in organisms ranging from protists to multi-cellular species. This damage adversely affects core components such as DNA and proteins which are necessary to sustain life. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Novel endogenous mechanisms of complement regulation - A delicate balance

    Författare :Andreas Holmér; Malmö Klinisk kemi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; short leucine rich glycoprotein; factor H; C1q; age-related macular degeneration; C4b-binding protein; prion disease; prion protein; Complement regulation; C-reactive protein;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, the biochemical mechanisms for complement activation by endogenous proteins are explored. The short leucine-rich repeat proteins (SLRPs) help organise extracellular matrices. We found that several SLRPs bind C1q and of these, fibromodulin and osteoadherin trigger complement. LÄS MER