Sökning: "centralization and decentralization"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 7 avhandlingar innehållade orden centralization and decentralization.

  1. 1. Small Sanitation Systems – Treatment Efficiency, Sustainability and Implementation

    Författare :Brenda Vidal; Annelie Hedström; Inga Herrmann; Günther Langergraber; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Sustainable sanitation; sand filter; phosphorus filter; package plant; cold climate; treatment process; system analysis; sustainability indicators; decentralization; centralization; historical development; on-site; resource recovery; source separation; source-separating systems; blackwater; urine; greywater; hållbarthetsanalys; små avlopp system; enskilda avlopp; markbädd; minireningsverk; kallt klimat; systemanalys; fosforfälla; fosforfilter; indikator; urin sortering; svartvatten; toalettvatten; gråvatten; BDT; VA-teknik; Urban Water Engineering;

    Sammanfattning : Current socio-technical wastewater system paradigms are being challenged by emerging global issues such as climate change, environmental degradation and scarcity of resources. Thus, exploration of innovative new urban water management solutions is required that enable closure of resource loops. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Theory of economic development : nonlinearity, instability and non-equilibrium

    Författare :Wei-Bin Zhang; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; economic growth and development; instability; structural change; bifurcation; non-equilibrium; centralization and decentralization; business cycle; the standard neoclassical growth model; growth rate; interest rate; inflation rate; choice of techniques; endogenous technological change;

    Sammanfattning : The objective of this study is to propose an economic development theory within the framework of input-output systems and neoclassical economics. This study consists of nine chapters which are arranged in the following manner:In Chapter I, we discuss development problems, define some essential concepts, and provide a general historical sketch of economic growth theory. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Makt och Motstånd : Bönderna, örlogsflottan och den svenska staten 1522-1640

    Författare :Dan Johansson; Mats Hallenberg; Heiko Droste; Dag Retsö; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; statebuilding; peasant resistance; power resources; shipbuilding; institutions; negotiations; legitimacy; organization; revenue; compliance; entrepreneur; competence; historia; History;

    Sammanfattning : The development of the Swedish state is studied through the central and local organizations that built, repaired, maintained and provisioned the Royal Swedish Navy. The state is viewed as an organization which bargained for resources with powerful social groups. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Dancing Together Alone : Inconsistencies and Contradictions of Strategic Communication in Swedish Universities

    Författare :Daniel Lövgren; Josef Professor; Mats Professor; Magnus Fredriksson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Strategic communication; Social Media; Neo-Institutional Theory; Translations; Universities; Inconsistencies; Strategisk kommunikation; Sociala medier; Institutionell teori; Översättning; Universitet; Medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap; Media and Communication Studies;

    Sammanfattning : Organizations increasingly use communication as a strategic function to maneuver in a challenging, complex, and demanding social landscape. Based on assumptions of centralized control and planning, the strategic communication concept aims for coordination and consistency of communication. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Mapping coordination within a competitive dialogue process : Studying the setting of sustainability goals and their fulfillment in municipality urban development

    Författare :Niklas Törnå; Lars Stehn; Glenn Berggård; Luleå tekniska universitet; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Byggproduktion och teknik; Construction Management and Building Technology;

    Sammanfattning : Several of Sweden’s municipalities have coordinated some of their urban development in dialogues processes to increase the fulfillment of stated sustainability goals (SGs). This thesis aims to increase the knowledge of how coordination occurs within a Competitive Dialogue Process (CDP) between and within the municipality and the building actors. LÄS MER