Sökning: "Receptor signaling"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 934 avhandlingar innehållade orden Receptor signaling.

  1. 1. G protein-coupled receptor regulation: The role of protein interactions and receptor trafficking

    Författare :Caroline Sandén; Drug Target Discovery; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; receptor trafficking; B1 receptor; receptor oligomerization; estrogen; GPER1; G protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1; EP24.15; BK; bradykinin; B1R; B2R; B2 receptor; GPCR; receptor maturation;

    Sammanfattning : The superfamily of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) is the largest gene family in the human genome. GPCR-mediated signaling operates in every human cell, and about 50% of existing clinically useful drugs act through GPCR. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Calcium and Phospholipases in Orexin Receptor Signaling

    Författare :Lisa Johansson; Jyrki Kukkonen; Karl Åkerman; Christopher S. Leonard; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Physiology; orexin; receptor; calcium; phospholipase; cell signaling; GPCR; Fysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : The neuropeptides orexin-A and -B act as endogenous ligands for G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) called OX1 and OX2 receptors. Previous observations have established that orexin receptors have an ability to couple to different G-proteins and signaling pathways and induce Ca2+ elevations via both receptor-operated Ca2+ channels (ROCs) and store-operated Ca2+ channels (SOCs). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Diversification of TGF-β Signaling in Homeostasis and Disease

    Författare :Michael Vanlandewijck; Aristidis Moustakas; Carl-Henrik Heldin; Steven Dooley; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; TGF-β; signaling; SIK; EMT; polarity; Notch; ALK5; p21; growth arrest; Smurf; Smad7; receptor; SNF1LK; Molecular biology; Molekylärbiologi; Biology with specialization in Molecular Cell Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär cellbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : With the dawn of metazoans, the ability of cells to communicate with each other became of paramount importance in maintaining tissue homeostasis. The transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling pathway, which plays important roles during embryogenesis and in the adult organism, signals via a heterodimeric receptor complex consisting of two type II and two type I receptors. LÄS MER

  4. 4. The G protein-coupled receptor GPR30 signalosome - A novel G protein-independent mechanism regulating cAMP signaling and receptor trafficking

    Författare :Stefan Broselid; Drug Target Discovery; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; AKAP5; AKAP; MAGUK; cAMP signaling; constitutive signaling; signalosome; GPER; GPR30; GPCR; cytokeratin; RAMP3; apoptotic signaling; breast cancer; PDZ; PDZ-ligand;

    Sammanfattning : The large protein family called G Protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) has co-evolved with life throughout evolution; from single cell organisms all the way to complex beings such as us humans. The fact that GPCRs are involved in essentially every physiological event, and that ~50% of drugs on the current market are either directly or indirectly targeted towards the function of GPCRs, we can be certain of their considerable importance. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Shb and Its Homologues: Signaling in T Lymphocytes and Fibroblasts

    Författare :Cecilia Lindholm; Hamid Band; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cell biology; Shb; T cell receptor; IL-2 receptor; PDGF receptor; cell signaling; adapter proteins; LAT; Vav; PLC-g1; SLP-76; JAK1; JAK3; Jurkat cells; T cells; NK cells; Apoptosis.; Cellbiologi; Cell biology; Cellbiologi; medicinsk cellbiologi; Medical Cell Biology;

    Sammanfattning : Stimulation of the T cell receptor (TCR) induces tyrosine phosphorylation of numerous intracellular proteins, leading to activation of the interleukin-2 (IL-2) gene in T lymphocytes. Shb is a ubiquitously expressed adapter protein, with the ability to associate with the T cell receptor and several signaling proteins in T cells, including: the TCR ζ-chain, LAT, PLC-γ1, Vav, SLP-76 and Gads. LÄS MER