Sökning: "Liver cirrhosis"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 85 avhandlingar innehållade orden Liver cirrhosis.

  1. 1. Ultrasound based shear wave elastography of the liver : a non-invasive method for evaluation of liver disease

    Författare :Marie Byenfeldt; Anders Elvin; Per Fransson; Odd Helge Gilja; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anthropometric measurement; diagnostic imaging; elasticity imaging technique; blood supply; BMI; body position; fatty liver; liver disease; hepatic steatosis; liver fibrosis; liver stiffness; obesity; postural change; pressure; probe; sex characteristic; shear wave elastography; skin-to-liver capsule distance; transducer and ultrasonography; Radiography; radiografi;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Detecting liver disease at an early stage is important, given that early intervention decreases the risk of developing cirrhosis and subsequently hepatocellular cancer (HCC). The non-invasive ultrasound-based shear wave elastography (SWE) has been used clinically for a decade to assess liver stiffness. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Liver cirrhosis-epidemiological and Clinical Aspects

    Författare :Steingerður Anna Gunnarsdóttir; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :Liver cirrhosis; etiology; alcoholic liver disease; mortality; portal hypertension; esophageal varices; variceal bleeding; hepatitis C; hepatocellular cancer; malignancies; small intestinal motility; small intestinal bacterial overgrowth;

    Sammanfattning : Liver cirrhosis is the end-stage of many different chronic liver diseases. Limited data exists on the epidemiology, natural history and complications of liver cirrhosis such as esophageal varices and malignancies in the Nordic countries after the discovery of hepatitis C (HCV). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Diagnostic and prognostic value of the AST/ALT ratio as an indicator of cirrhosis in chronic liver disease

    Författare :Helena Nyblom; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :alcohol dependence; alcohol-related liver disease; AST ALT ratio; cirrhosis; cholangiocarcinoma; primary biliary cirrhosis; primary sclerosing cholangitis;

    Sammanfattning : .... LÄS MER

  4. 4. Primary biliary cirrhosis : an epidemiological and clinical study based on patients from northern Sweden

    Författare :Per Uddenfeldt; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Primary biliary cirrhosis; incidence; prevalence; disease course; Kveim test; sarcoidosis; rheumatic disorders; lung function; diffusing capacity; Sjögren syndrome; von Willebrand factor;

    Sammanfattning : Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a chronic cholestatic liver disease, which primarily affects middle-aged women. The liver histology is characterized by inflammation and destruction of the intrahepatic bile ducts as well as a high frequency of granuloma. LÄS MER

  5. 5. The Role of Gut Dysfunction and Nutritional Factors in Liver Cirrhosis

    Författare :Evangelos Kalaitzakis; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :liver cirrhosis; malnutrition; gastrointestinal symptoms; health-related quality of life; food intake; energy expenditure; gastric accommodation; gastric barostat; insulin resistance; leptin; ghrelin; intestinal permeability;

    Sammanfattning : Malnutrition is a common finding in patients with liver cirrhosis. Malnutrition has been shown to be associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Its pathogenesis remains unclear but both poor dietary intake and increased energy expenditure have been reported. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is an important clinical problem in cirrhotics. LÄS MER