Sökning: "Anthropometric measurement"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 11 avhandlingar innehållade orden Anthropometric measurement.

  1. 1. Evolving geriatric anthropometrics- an interplay with lifestyle changes, birth cohort effects, and survival implications. : Results from the general population study, “Good Aging in Skåne,” Sweden

    Författare :Nivetha Natarajan Gavriilidou; Geriatrik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anthropometrics; BMI misclassification; measurement; error correction; prediction equation; surrogate; survival; lifestyle; birth cohort; Swedish elderly; assessment;

    Sammanfattning : There is a rising proportion of aging population worldwide. The high vulnerability of older adults to morbidity and mortality introduces an enormous health and economic burden to themselves and the society. The established leading cause of death among older adults is due to chronic and vascular diseases. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Ultrasound based shear wave elastography of the liver : a non-invasive method for evaluation of liver disease

    Författare :Marie Byenfeldt; Anders Elvin; Per Fransson; Odd Helge Gilja; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anthropometric measurement; diagnostic imaging; elasticity imaging technique; blood supply; BMI; body position; fatty liver; liver disease; hepatic steatosis; liver fibrosis; liver stiffness; obesity; postural change; pressure; probe; sex characteristic; shear wave elastography; skin-to-liver capsule distance; transducer and ultrasonography; Radiography; radiografi;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Detecting liver disease at an early stage is important, given that early intervention decreases the risk of developing cirrhosis and subsequently hepatocellular cancer (HCC). The non-invasive ultrasound-based shear wave elastography (SWE) has been used clinically for a decade to assess liver stiffness. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Spontaneous abortion : risk factors and measurement of exposures

    Författare :Lena George; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Case-control study; caffeine; cotinine; environmental tobacco smoke; epidemiology; fetal karyotype; folate; maternal smoking; pregnancy; repeated spontaneous abortion; risk assessment; smoking cessation; spontaneous abortion; validation study;

    Sammanfattning : The overall objectives of this thesis were to increase the understanding of the etiology of spontaneous abortion and repeated spontaneous abortion, and to evaluate possibilities of exposure assessment during pregnancy. Data from a Swedish population-based case-control study of spontaneous abortion, performed in Uppsala County 1996-98, formed the base for the three first studies of the thesis. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Fat-Referenced MRI : Quanitaive MRI for Tissue Characterizaion and Volume Measurement

    Författare :Thobias Romu; Magnus Borga; Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard; Samir Sharma; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MRI; water-fat separation; quantitative MRI;

    Sammanfattning : The amount and distribution of adipose and lean tissues has been shown to be predictive of mortality and morbidity in metabolic disease. Traditionally these risks are assessed by anthropometric measurements based on weight, length, girths or the body mass index (BMI). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Dietary and metabolic effects of a 2-year lifestyle intervention in overweight and obese children

    Författare :Maria Waling; Christel Larsson; Marie Löf; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Domestic science and nutrition; Hushålls- och kostvetenskap; Kostvetenskap; Food and Nutrition;

    Sammanfattning : Background Childhood overweight and obesity have increased during the past decades and there is a need for effective intervention programs both for treatment and prevention to interrupt the increased trend. Overweight and obesity result from a combination of genetic predisposition and lifestyle where an imbalance in energy intake (EI) and total energy expenditure (TEE) is the key factor. LÄS MER