Sökning: "toxic substances"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 120 avhandlingar innehållade orden toxic substances.

  1. 1. Environmental and health hazards of chemicals in plastic polymers and products

    Författare :Delilah Lithner; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :plastics; plastic products; plastic polymers; consumer products; environmental hazards; environment; health hazards; human health; hazard ranking; hazard assessment; chemical ranking; hazard identification; hazard classifications; hazardous chemicals; hazardous substances; toxic substances; monomers; polymers; toxicity; acute toxicity; toxicity tests; Daphnia magna; Toxicity Identification Evaluation; TIE; leaching; leachates; product leachates; leaching tests; plastic materials; plastic;

    Sammanfattning : Plastics are extremely diverse in terms of chemical composition, properties and possible applications, and are widely distributed in the society and the environment. In the last 15 years the global annual production has doubled, reaching 245 million tons in 2008. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Leaching of Hazardous Substances from Concrete Constituents and Painted Wood Panels

    Författare :Åse Togerö; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :thiocyanate; biocides; leaching; runoff; admixture; coatings; resin acids; blast furnace slag; toxic; fly ash; cement; tall oil; diffusion paints; concrete;

    Sammanfattning : At a time of increased concern about environmental issues in the building sector, it is essential to know the environmental performance of different building materials. Knowledge of the possible release of hazardous substances in building materials is scarce, and these aspects have often been neglected in environmental assessment methods. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Environmentally relevant chemical disruptors of oxidative phosphorylation in Baltic Sea biota : Exposure and toxic potentials

    Författare :Anna-Karin Dahlberg; Lillemor Asplund; Åke Bergman; Göran Marsh; Patrik Andersson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; Oxidative phosphorylation; OH-PBDEs; MeO-PBDEs; PBDEs; long-tailed duck Clangula hyemalis ; Baltic herring Clupea harengus ; Baltic blue mussel Mytilus trossulus x Mytilus edulis ; Baltic Sea; miljökemi; Environmental Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses on toxicity and occurrence of hydroxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers (OH-PBDEs) in Baltic Sea biota. The aims were to assess OH-PBDEs potency for disruption of oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) and determine their and related compounds exposure in Baltic blue mussel, herring and long-tailed duck. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Ecological implications of the production of toxic substances by fish killing phytoplankton species grown under variable N:P-ratios

    Författare :Niclas Johansson; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURAL SCIENCES; mixotrophy; grazing; allelopathic interactions; allelopathy; algae; phytoplankton; nutrient limitation; toxicity; Toxic haptophytes; fishkilling phytoplankton; Hydrobiology; marine biology; aquatic ecology; limnology; Marinbiologi; limnologi; akvatisk ekologi;

    Sammanfattning : The influence of different nutrient conditions on the production of toxins was studied in certain fishkilling haptophytes (e.g. Prymnesium parvum and Chrysochromulina polylepis). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Dietary fatty acids increase the absorption of toxic substances and drugs by modifying different absorption pathways in the intestinal epithelium

    Författare :Bitte Aspenström-Fagerlund; Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet; Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES;

    Sammanfattning : Dietary fatty acids have surface active properties comparable to substances used as absorption enhancers of poorly absorbed drugs. The intestinal epithelium serves as a gatekeeping barrier for the absorption of toxic substances, nutrients and drugs. LÄS MER