Sökning: "randomised trial"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 327 avhandlingar innehållade orden randomised trial.

  1. 1. Patients in court-ordered substance abuse treatment. Studies in the involuntary process by interview, assessment and randomised trial

    Författare :Marianne Larsson Lindahl; Kliniskt Centrum för Hälsofrämjande Vård; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Court-order; commitment; involuntary care; substance abuse; legal criteria; randomised trial; mortality; case management.;

    Sammanfattning : Commitment to involuntary care is a multistage process comprising many different aspects; legal, psychological, medical, social and ethical among others. It can also be analyzed from the perspective of a continuum starting from the report to the social authorities, the evaluations on whether to commit or not, the actual commitment and aftercare following involuntary treatment. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Weight loss studies in obese patients. Aspects of very-low-energy diet treatment and effects of obesity surgery on disability pension

    Författare :Lena Gripeteg; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :obesity; weight loss; outcome; predictive factors; controlled trial; randomised trial; obesity surgery; very-low-energy diet; disability pension; eating behaviour; quality of life;

    Sammanfattning : Obesity is associated with increased risk of serious medical conditions, impaired quality of life, reduced working capacity, and shortened life expectancy. Obesity surgery is the most effective weight loss treatment with large health benefits, including reduced mortality. However, the long-term effects on productivity loss are not known. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Cervical Radiculopathy. Effects of Surgery, Physiotherapy or Cervical Collar. A prospective, randomised study

    Författare :Liselott Persson; Neurokirurgi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; headache.; posturography; neck mobility; strength; SIP; randomised trial; cervical collar; physiotherapy; anterior cervical fusion; Cervical radiculopathy; neck pain; Neurology; neuropsychology; neurophysiology; Neurologi; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : The efficacy of surgery, physiotherapy or a cervical collar in the treatment of chronic cervicobrachial pain of radicular origin was evaluated in a prospective, randomised study comprising 81 patients of both sexes, 28-64 years of age, referred for possible neurosurgical treatment. After neurological and radiological examination and giving their informed consent, they were randomised to one of the three treatments. LÄS MER

  4. 4. The Swedish Infant High-grade Reflux Trial - and a Focus group study of parents’ experiences

    Författare :Josefin Nordenström; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; infant; high-grade vesicoureteral reflux; randomised; endoscopic treatment; antibiotic prophylaxis; renal damage; urinary tract infection; bladder function; parents experiences; focus group;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a pathological back-flow of urine from the bladder to the ureter and renal pelvis. VUR is associated with an increased risk of urinary tract infections (UTI) and renal damages. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Induced hypothermia after cardiac arrest

    Författare :Niklas Nielsen; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; complications; evidence; neurological outcome; survival; induced hypothermia; cardiac arrest; randomised trial; heart arrest;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is based on studies of the clinical use of induced hypothermia as an intervention to reduce mortality and neurological impairment after cardiac arrest. After the publication of two trials indicating benefit of induced hypothermia, we developed a registry to assess outcome, possible adverse events and conduct of induced hypothermia when this intervention was implemented in a clinical population of cardiac arrest patients. LÄS MER