Sökning: "Neurokirurgi"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 82 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Neurokirurgi.

  1. 1. Clinical Consequences of Axonal Injury in Traumatic Brain Injury

    Författare :Sami Abu Hamdeh; Niklas Marklund; Per Enblad; Lars Hillered; Andreas PhD Unterberg MD; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Traumatic brain injury; diffuse axonal injury; intracranial pressure; magnetic resonance imaging; amyloid-beta; tau; Neurokirurgi; Neurosurgery;

    Sammanfattning : Traumatic brain injury (TBI), mainly caused by road-traffic accidents and falls, is a leading cause of mortality. Survivors often display debilitating motor, sensory and cognitive symptoms, leading to reduced quality of life and a profound economic burden to society. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Cellular Reactions and Behavioral Changes in Focal and Diffuse Traumatic Brain Injury : A Study in the Rat and Mouse

    Författare :Sara Ekmark Lewén; Lars Hillered; Niklas Marklund; Anders Lewén; Mårten Risling; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Traumatic brain injury; Astrocytes; Inflammatory response; Multivariate concentric square field test; Morris water maze; Exploratory behavior; Risk taking; Functional outcome.; Neurosurgery; Neurokirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a severe condition and a major cause of death and disability. There is no pharmacological treatment available in clinical practice today and knowledge of brain injury mechanisms is of importance for development of neuroprotective drugs. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Cerebral ischemia studied with positron emission tomography and microdialysis

    Författare :Peter Frykholm; Peter Kirkpatrick; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neurosciences; Cerebral ischemia; penumbra; positron emission tomography; microdialysis; middle cerebral artery occlusion; Neurovetenskap; Neurology; Neurologi; Neurosurgery; neurokirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : Stroke is the third leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the industrialized world. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), the least common form of stroke, is one of the most demanding diseases treated in neurointensive care units. Cerebral ischemia may develop rapidly, and has a major influence on outcome. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Deep brain stimulation of the posterior subthalamic area in the treatment of movement disorders

    Författare :Anders Fytagoridis; Patric Blomstedt; Joachim Krauss; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Deep brain stimulation; Movement disorders; Posterior subthalamic area; Zona incerta; Prelemniscal radiations; Tremor; Essential tremor; Parkinson s disease; neurokirurgi; Neurosurgery;

    Sammanfattning : Background: The posterior subthalamic area (PSA) is essentially composed of the caudal Zona incerta and the prelemniscal radiation. Subthalamotomy in the PSA was renowned for its effectiveness in alleviating movement disorders and particularly tremor. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Plasticity and Inflammation following Traumatic Brain Injury

    Författare :Anders Hånell; Niklas Marklund; Lars Hillered; Nikolaus Plesnila; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Traumatic Brain Injury; plasticity; inflammation; Nogo receptor; EphA4; IL-1β; Neurosurgery; Neurokirurgi; Neuroscience; Neurovetenskap;

    Sammanfattning : Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) mainly affects young persons in traffic accidents and the elderly in fall accidents. Improvements in the clinical management have significantly improved the outcome following TBI but survivors still suffer from depression, memory problems, personality changes, epilepsy and fatigue. LÄS MER