Sökning: "substance abuse"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 95 avhandlingar innehållade orden substance abuse.

  1. 1. Psychoactive prescription drug use disorders, misuse and abuse Pharmacoepidemiological aspects

    Detta är en avhandling från Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Författare :Micaela Tjäderborn; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; [2016]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Psychoactive prescription drugs; psychotropic drugs; prescription drug use disorders; prescription drug misuse; abuse; pharmacovigilance; drug utilization; pharmacoepidemiology;

    Sammanfattning : Background: There is a widespread and increasing use of psychoactive prescription drugs, such as opioid analgesics, anxiolytics, hypnotics and anti-epileptics, but their use is associated with a risk of drug use disorder, misuse and abuse. Today, these are globally recognized and emerging public health concerns. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Substance use in adolescents and young adults: Interactions of drugs of abuse and the role of parents and peers in early onset of substance use

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University

    Författare :Jonas Berge; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2015]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Substance use; Alcohol; Tobacco; Cannabis; Illicit drugs; Adolescents; Young adults;

    Sammanfattning : Background: Misuse of substances is a major contributor to disability and mortality worldwide. The use of tobacco, alcohol, and illegal drugs in adolescence and young adulthood are well-known risk factors for subsequent substance-related harms. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Adolescents Selling Sex and Sex as Self-Injury

    Detta är en avhandling från Linköping : Linköping University Electronic Press

    Författare :Cecilia Fredlund; Linköpings universitet.; Linköpings universitet.; [2019]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Adolescents; Selling sex; Sex as self-injury; Child sexual exploitation; Sexual abuse;

    Sammanfattning : There are today only a few population-based studies in the world investigating the prevalence of and associated risk-factors with adolescents selling sex and so far no earlier population-based study has been found investigating adolescents motives for selling sex. Further, to use sex in means of self-injury (SASI) is a behaviour that has been highlighted in Sweden the last years but it is a new field of research and a behaviour in need of conceptualization. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Use and misuse of sedative drugs and related substances - Findings in the general population and in individuals with opioid dependence

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University

    Författare :Tove Abrahamsson; Lunds universitet.; Lund University.; [2016]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Substance use; Sedatives; Anxiolytics; Hypnotics; Prescription drug miuse; Benzodiazepines; Z-drugs; Pregabalin; Self-assessed health; Quality of life; Opioid dependence; Opiate maintenance treatment; Mortality;

    Sammanfattning : Popular Abstract in Swedish Receptbelagda lugnande läkemedel används i behandling av framför allt ångest och sömnbesvär och har i det sammanhanget stor betydelse. Dessvärre kan beroende av dessa läkemedel utvecklas. Det förekommer även så kallad felanvändning av dessa läkemedel, d.v. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Brain glycine receptors as a common target for alcohol and the relapse-preventing drug acamprosate - a preclinical study

    Detta är en avhandling från Göteborg : University of Gothenburg

    Författare :Pei Pei Chau; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2011]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Alcoholism; Acamprosate; Glycine receptor; Preclinical study; Dopamine; Ethanol;

    Sammanfattning : Alcohol abuse and dependence make up the most prevalent categories of substance use disorders in the world. Converging evidence from the current research group has identified two receptor populations, the glycine (GlyRs) and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in the mesolimbic dopamine system, as two potentially important targets for the development of new medication to treat alcohol dependence. LÄS MER