Sökning: "porous hydroxyapatite"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 10 avhandlingar innehållade orden porous hydroxyapatite.

  1. 1. On Bone Regeneration in Porous Bioceramics - Studies in humans and rabbits using free form fabricated scaffolds

    Författare :Johan Malmström; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :bone regeneration; hydroxyapatite; zirconia; macroporosity; microporosity; free form fabrication; focused ion beam; scanning electron microscopy; transmission electron microscopy; rabbit; human;

    Sammanfattning : The objective of the present thesis was to evaluate the effect of material chemistry and macroand micro-porosity on bone regeneration in association with synthetic, porous ceramic materials. Ceramic scaffolds were designed and manufactured for experimental and human studies using free form fabrication (FFF), a technique which produces the object layer by layer using data from CAD files. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Bone Healing after implantation of bone substitute materials. Experimental studies in estrogen deficiency

    Författare :Sven Öberg; Jan Rosenquist; Ulf Lekholm; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; Bone grafts; hydroxyapatite; estrogen deficiency; demineralised bone; bone formation; AAA bone; bone defect; titanium implants; resonance frequency analysis.; Kirurgi; Surgery; Kirurgi; kirurgi; Surgery;

    Sammanfattning : Bone formation and bone healing were studied in the mandible, tibia and skull bones in adult, healthy and estrogen deficient rabbits implanted with different bone substitutes.In the first study an evaluation of the differences in bone regeneration in and around solid (Alveograf *) and porous hydroxyapatite (Interpore 200*) was undertaken. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Basic fibroblast growth factor for stimulation of bone formation in osteoinductive and conductive implants

    Författare :Jian-Sheng Wang; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Surgery; Biofysik; Biophysics; bone ingrowth; titanium chamber; hyaluronic acid; porous hydroxyapatite; bone graft; bFGF; demineralized bone matrix; orthopaedics; traumatology; Kirurgi; ortopedi; traumatologi;

    Sammanfattning : Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor (bFGF) is one of the endogenous factors found in bone matrix. bFGF is a mitogen for many cell types, including osteoblasts and chondrocytes. It can stimulate angiogenesis and osteoblast gene expression. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Biomaterials as carriers for bone active molecules-An approach to create off-the-shelf bone substitutes

    Författare :Deepak Raina; Lund Ortopedi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; biomaterials; Bone tissue engineering; Bone morphogenic protein-2; Zoledronic acid ZA ; calcium sulphate; Hydroxyapatite; Gelatin;

    Sammanfattning : Bone tissue is commonly transplanted during orthopedic surgeries, primarily for the management of bone defects caused by trauma or various orthopedic conditions including, but not limited to, infections and tumours. Bone grafts are a surgeon’s choice, but their associated drawbacks are paving the way for biomaterial based bone graft substitutes. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Methods for evaluation of early bone healing at titanium implants

    Författare :Karin Hederstierna; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :TOF-SIMS; titanium; porosity; Magnesium; hydroxyapatite; implant surface; bone resorption; bone formation;

    Sammanfattning : Titanium has for a long time been the implant material of choice when in need for abilities as strength, biocompatibility and stability. Although numbers of studies have been made, little is known about the early events in implant healing. The primary aim in this thesis was to develop methods for evaluating bone healing around implants. LÄS MER