Sökning: "nitric oxide"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 489 avhandlingar innehållade orden nitric oxide.

  1. 1. Nitric oxide : An ally in extracorporeal circulation?

    Författare :Vilyam Melki; Jan Borowiec; Örjan Friberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Simulated extracorporeal circulation; Inflammation; Nitric oxide; Leukocyte activation; Staphylococcus aureus; Glyceryl trinitrate; Postoperative infection; Thorax Surgery; Thoraxkirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : Many complications associated with heart surgery are due to the negative effects of extracorporeal circulation (ECC). Some of these complications may be attributed to ECC-induced activation of inflammation and coagulation pathways. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Nitric oxide in experimental sepsis

    Författare :Peter Dahm; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; intensive care; Nitric oxide; Sepsis; NO inhalation; Endotoxin; Acute lung injury; ARDS; Nitric oxide synthase; L-NMMA; L-NAME; Anestesiologi; Anaesthesiology; Pigs; intensivvård;

    Sammanfattning : Nitric oxide (NO) is important in the control of blood pressure and organ perfusion. In septic shock, NO produced by inducible NO-synthase (NOS) has been claimed to mediate pathological vasodilation and cell injury, while NO produced by constitutive NOS may be protective in counteracting hypoperfusion and organ injury. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Inhaled Nitric Oxide Therapy : Non-response and Rebound Response

    Författare :Luni Chen; Eddie Weitzberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Anaesthesiology and intensive care; nitric oxide inhalation; rebound response; non-response; endothelin-1; COX inhibitor; prostaglandin; ARDS; endotoxin; oleic acid; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthetics and intensive care; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Clinical Physiology; klinisk fysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : Therapeutic inhaled nitric oxide (INO) has proved beneficial in patients with pulmonary hypertension. However, around 30-40% of the patients are non-responders to this therapy, and a life-threatening rebound response may occur during attempts to withdraw INO. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Endogenous Nitric Oxide Production and Pulmonary Blood Flow : during different experimental lung conditions

    Författare :Manja Nilsson; Filip Fredén; Kristina Hambraeus-Jonzon; Göran Hedenstierna; Eddie Weitzberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Nitric oxide; pulmonary blood flow; endotoxin; nitric oxide inhalation; endothelin; hypercapnia; acidosis; lavage-induced lung injury; Anaesthetics and intensive care; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anestesiologi och intensivvård; Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care;

    Sammanfattning : Nitric oxide (NO) is an important regulator of pulmonary blood flow and attenuates hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV). Nitric oxide is synthesized enzymatically in a number of tissues, including the lungs, and can also be generated from reduction of nitrite during hypoxia and acidosis. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Exhaled Nitric Oxide in epidemiological and experimental studies

    Författare :Anna-Carin Olin; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :; Nitric oxide; exhaled air; nasal nitric oxide; ozone; pulp-mill; gassings; nitrate; atopy; sensitization; asthma; rhinitis; bronchiolitis;

    Sammanfattning : The overall purpose with this thesis has been to contribute to the assessment of theutility of exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) in epidemiological studies. The specific aims have been toinvestigate whether eNO increases after occupational exposure to high peaks of ozone, or afterexperimental exposure to ozone in ambient concentrations. LÄS MER