Sökning: "Paracoccus denitrificans"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 8 avhandlingar innehållade orden Paracoccus denitrificans.

  1. 1. Nitric Oxide Reductase from Paracoccus denitrificans : A Proton Transfer Pathway from the “Wrong” Side

    Författare :Ulrika Flock; Pia Ädelroth; Simon de Vries; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; denitrification; nitric oxide reductase; heme copper oxidase superfamily; divergent member; proton transfer; electron transfer; single turnover; spectroscopy; periplasm; glutamate; proton pathway; Biochemistry; Biokemi; biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Denitrification is an anaerobic process performed by several soil bacteria as an alternative to aerobic respiration. A key-step in denitrification (the N-N-bond is made) is catalyzed by nitric oxide reductase (NOR); 2NO + 2e- + 2H+ → N2O + H2O. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Quinone reduction sites and the role of heme in succinate:quinone reductase. Studies in Bacillus subtilis and Paracoccus denitrificans

    Författare :Mikael Matsson; Biologiska institutionen; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; carboxin; cytochrome b; electron transport; heme; quinone; Paracoccus denitrificans; Bacillus subtilis; Succinate:quinone reductase; succinate dehydrogenase; Microbiology; bacteriology; virology; mycology; Mikrobiologi; bakteriologi; virologi; mykologi;

    Sammanfattning : Succinate:quinone reductase (SQR) is an enzyme in the respiratory system of aerobic cells. SQR catalyzes two reactions, the oxidation of succinate to fumarate and the reduction of quinone to quinol. These reactions are coupled by electron transfer within the enzyme from the site of succinate oxidation to the site of quinone reduction. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Assembly and Function of Nitric Oxide Reductase from Paracoccus denitrificans

    Författare :Maximilian Kahle; Pia Ädelroth; Hans-Georg Koch; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; non-heme iron; cofactor; heme-copper oxidase; AAA ; cNOR; chaperone; metal ion insertion; MoxR; nor accessory genes; FeB; liposomes; membrane mimetics; nanodiscs; reconstitution; enzymatic mechanism; NO reduction; O2 reduction; biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : Bacterial denitrification is a part of the global nitrogen cycle and comprises the stepwise reduction of nitrate to molecular nitrogen, which is released to the atmosphere. Cytochrome c-dependent nitric oxide reductase (cNOR) from Paracoccus (P.) denitrificans catalyzes the reduction of nitric oxide to nitrous oxide and water. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Heme-copper oxidases and nitric oxide : Reaction mechanisms and supercomplex formation

    Författare :Ingrid Albertsson; Pia Ädelroth; Alessandro Giuffrè; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Heme-copper oxidase; nitrite reductase; nitric oxide reductase; nitric oxide; supercomplex; Paracoccus denitrificans; denitrification pathway; proton transfer pathway; C-type oxidase; Helicobacter pylori; biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : In the denitrification process where nitrate is stepwise reduced to nitrogen gas, the toxic molecule nitric oxide (NO) is formed as an intermediate. Nitric oxide is produced by the enzyme cd1 Nitrite reductase (cd1NiR) by reduction of nitrite and is later reduced to nitrous oxide by nitric oxide reductase (cNOR). LÄS MER

  5. 5. Experimental studies of proton translocation reactions in biological systems : Electrogenic events in heme-copper oxidases

    Författare :Håkan Lepp; Peter Brzezinski; Thomas Nilsson; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; heme-copper oxidase; cytochrome c oxidase; nitric oxide reductase; cbb3-type oxidase; proton pumping; uncoupling; charge-transfer; electrogenic event; flow-flash; Biophysics; Biofysik; Biophysics; biofysik;

    Sammanfattning : Terminal heme-copper oxidases (HCuOs) are transmembrane proteins that catalyze the final step in the respiratory chain - the reduction of O2 to H2O, coupled to energy conservation by generation of an electrochemical proton gradient. The most extensively investigated of the HCuOs are the aa3-type oxidases, to which cytochrome c oxidase (CytcO) belongs, which uses energy released in the O2-reduction for proton pumping. LÄS MER