Sökning: "Thoraxkirurgi"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 52 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Thoraxkirurgi.

  1. 1. Local Collagen-Gentamicin for Prevention of Sternal Wound Infections

    Författare :Örjan Friberg; Rolf Svedjeholm; Jan Källman; Bo Söderquist; Bengt Gårdlund; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Cardiac surgery; Sternal wound infection; Mediastinitis; Antibiotics; Gentamicin; Prophylaxis; Cost-effectiveness; Staphylococcus; Randomised controlled trial; Thoracic surgery; Thoraxkirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : In cardiac surgery, sternal wound infection (SWI) continues to be one of the most serious postoperative complications. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) have become the most common causative agents of SWI. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Clinically-driven angiography after coronary artery bypass surgery : Results from the SWEDEHEART registry

    Författare :Mikael Janiec; Rickard Lindblom; Stefan Thelin; Alexander Wahba; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; CABG; Coronary artery bypass surgery; angiography; graft failure; Thorax Surgery; Thoraxkirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : The success of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) arguably depends on the patency rate of the conduits. The saphenous vein grafts (SVGs) most often used are subject to graft disease and their reduced long-term patency compared to left internal mammary artery (IMA) grafts is well established. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Nitric oxide : An ally in extracorporeal circulation?

    Författare :Vilyam Melki; Jan Borowiec; Örjan Friberg; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Simulated extracorporeal circulation; Inflammation; Nitric oxide; Leukocyte activation; Staphylococcus aureus; Glyceryl trinitrate; Postoperative infection; Thorax Surgery; Thoraxkirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : Many complications associated with heart surgery are due to the negative effects of extracorporeal circulation (ECC). Some of these complications may be attributed to ECC-induced activation of inflammation and coagulation pathways. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Mechanical Circulatory Support in Left Ventricular Heart Failure

    Författare :Petter Schiller; Laila Hellgren; Anders Jönsson; Göran Dellgren; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Mechanical Circulatory Support; Left Ventricular Heart Failure; Left Ventricular Assist Device; Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation; ECMO; Thorax Surgery; Thoraxkirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : Short-term mechanical circulatory support (MCS) with ventricular assist devices or veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) has become the standard treatment in patients with cardiogenic shock unresponsive to pharmacological treatment. However, the haemodynamic effects of these devices are not yet fully described, nor are their effects on ventricular function and myocardial recovery. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Diabetes and Coronary Surgery : Metabolic and clinical studies on diabetic patients after coronary surgery with special reference to cardiac metabolism and high-dose GIK

    Författare :Zoltán Szabó; Folke Nilsson; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; diabetes; heart; coronary surgery; cardiac surgery; myocardial metabolism; free fatty; Thoracic surgery; Thoraxkirurgi;

    Sammanfattning : Introduction An increasing proportion of the patients undergoing cardiac surgery have diabetes mellitus, in particular type II diabetes. In spite of this, diabetic patients have received limited attention in this setting. LÄS MER