Sökning: "Heavy ion physics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 60 avhandlingar innehållade orden Heavy ion physics.

  1. 1. Aspects of Hadron Production in High-Energy Heavy-Ion Physics

    Författare :David Silvermyr; Partikelfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; RHIC; pad readout; electronic; chip-on-board; tracking; heavy-ion collisions; freeze-out temperature; delta resonance; SPS; WA98; PHENIX; Fysik; coherent peripheral; multiplicity; Physics; Fysicumarkivet A:2001:Silvermyr;

    Sammanfattning : High-energy heavy-ion collisions provide a unique tool for the study of nuclear matter as a function of temperature and density. WA98 at the CERN SPS recorded data with a 158 A GeV Pb beam on a Pb target in 1996. To cope with the high charged-particle density, a tracking system based on high granularity multi-step avalanche detectors was developed. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Experimental studies of particle production in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions

    Författare :Pål Nilsson; Partikelfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Pad chambers; PHENIX; WA98; phi-meson; tracking; single particle spectra; heavy-ion collisions; inverse slope parameters; particle production; RHIC; charged particle multiplicity; pad readout; SPS; Physics; Fysik; Atomic and molecular physics; Atom- och molekylärfysik; Fysicumarkivet A:2001:Nilsson;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis is about high energy heavy ion physics. Two major experiments, the WA98 at CERN and the PHENIX at Brookhaven National Laboratory, are described. Results from data analysis from both experiments are presented. The WA98 chapter presents particle identification methods and phi-meson measurements. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Studies of Nuclear Matter under Extreme Conditions: Heavy-Ion Interactions at Ultra-Relativistic Energies

    Författare :Joakim Nystrand; Partikelfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; heavy-ion interactions; quark-gluon plasma; nuclear emulsion; multi-step avalanche chambers; particle production; transverse momentum distributions; intensity interferometry; nucleus-nucleus collisions; rapidity distributions; Physics; Fysik; Fysicumarkivet A:1996:Nystrand;

    Sammanfattning : The charged particle production in ultra-relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions in the energy range 4-200 A GeV has been studied. Two different experimental techniques have been utilized: nuclear emulsions and Multi-Step Avalanche Chambers. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Development of Detector Systems for Internal and Fixed Target Heavy Ion Physics Experiments

    Författare :Pavel Golubev; Kärnfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Multi-detector system; VLSI electronics; ultra-thin detectors; heavy ion reactions; nuclear intensity interferometry; Kärnfysik; Nuclear physics; ultra-high vacuum compatibility; Fysicumarkivet A:2003:Golubev;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis deals with intermediate energy heavy ion reactions with the particular aim to study the nuclear matter equation of state which defines the relation between statistical parameters of a fermionic system. The development of equipment for two experiments, CA47 at The Svedberg Laboratory in Uppsala, Sweden and R16 at Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut (KVI), Groningen, The Netherlands, are described. LÄS MER

  5. 5. On Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Dynamics and Particle Production in p+Nucleus and Heavy Ion Reactions

    Författare :Anton B Fokin; Partikelfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; heavy-ion collisions; excitation function; subthreshold pion production; collective effects; entropy and chaos production; d p ratio; molecular dynamics; artificial neural networks; multifragmentation; Physics; Fysik; Fysicumarkivet A:1998:Fokin;

    Sammanfattning : Several experiments and theoretical models of intermediate energy heavy ion collision physics are presented in this thesis. Statistical and dynamical aspects of nuclear collisions are widely discussed these days, particularly in connection with the multifragmentation phenomenon and the possible link to a liquid-gas phase transition in the spinodal region of nuclear matter phase diagram. LÄS MER