Sökning: "Atomic and molecular physics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 399 avhandlingar innehållade orden Atomic and molecular physics.

  1. 1. Theoretical Atomic Spectroscopy of Earthbound and Stellar Plasma

    Detta är en avhandling från Lund University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics

    Författare :Jon Grumer; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2016-09]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; atomstruktur; atomära processer; elektronkorrelation; plasmaspektroskopi; magnetfält; hyperfinstruktur; solkoronan; rymdväder; förekomst av grundämnen i stjärnor; datorsimuleringar; Zeemaneffekt; relativistiska effekter; atomic structure; atomic processes; computer simulation; electron correlation; relativistic atomic theory; plasma spectroscopy; Zeeman effect; magnetic fields; hyperfine structure; solar corona; space weather; stellar abundances; Fysicumarkivet A:2016:Grumer;

    Sammanfattning : Motivated by spectroscopic analysis of astrophysical and laboratory plasma, this thesis concerns the fundamental structure and spectral properties of atoms and their ions. The multiconfiguration Dirac-Hartree-Fock (MCDHF) method is used to predict the emission or absorption of radiation, by atomic systems in general, and of heavy and highly charged ions in particular. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Detector Development, Source Characterization and Novel Applications of Laser Ion Acceleration

    Detta är en avhandling från Division of Atomic Physics, Department of Physics, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University

    Författare :Lovisa Senje; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2017]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Laser; Ion; Acceleration; Proton; Water; Sheath; Lifetime; Laser; Ion; Acceleration; Proton; Water; Radiolysis; Sheath; Detector; Fysicumarkivet A:2017:Senje;

    Sammanfattning : The main focus of the work presented in this thesis is on experimental studies oflaser acceleration of protons and other positive ions from solid targets. The topic is explored from three different angles: firstly, the development of diagnostics adapted to the ion pulses, secondly, the characterization of the source of the energetic particles and, finally, the application of laser-accelerated protons for time-resolved radiolysis of glass and water. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Laser Spectroscopy in Scattering Media for Biological and Medical Applications

    Detta är en avhandling från Division of Atomic Physics, Department of Physics, Faculty of Engineering, LTH, Lund University

    Författare :Linda Persson; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2007]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Instrumentation technology; Mät- och instrumenteringsteknik; Atom- och molekylärfysik; Atomic and molecular physics; Fysik; Physics; Monte Carlo simulations; Biomedical Optics; Scattering media; Gas measurements; Near infrared spectroscopy; Diode laser spectroscopy; Absorption spectroscopy;

    Sammanfattning : Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy can be utilised for gas detection in biological and medical applications. The common approach is to analyse transmitted light according to the Beer-Lambertian law. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Optical Memories and Processing in Time- and Frequency Domain

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Physics, Lund University

    Författare :Baozhu Luo; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [1998]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Optical storage; photon echo; spectral hole burning; nonlinear optics; fiber amplifier; logical operation; phase retrieval; polarization holographic recording and retrieval; optical processing; Atomic and molecular physics; Atom- och molekylärfysik; Fysicumarkivet A:1998:Luo;

    Sammanfattning : Spectral hole burning and photon echoes are the techniques for frequency-selective optical memories, which have the potential to increase areal data storage density by a factor 10**7. They also have the capability to perform in-memory data processing. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Spatial and temporal aspects of intense attosecond pulses for pump-probe experiments

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Physics, Lund University

    Författare :Hampus Wikmark; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2019-04-23]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; ultrafast lasers; ultrafast optics; attosecond pulses; pump-probe experiments; XUV light; XUV focusing; wavefront sensing; XUV optics; X-ray optics; Fysicumarkivet A:2019:Wikmark; ultrasnabba lasrar; attosekundspulser; pump-prob-experiment; XUV-ljus; vågfrontmätningar; XUV-optik; Röntgen-optik;

    Sammanfattning : Nuclear and electronic dynamics in atoms and molecules are the foundation of many physical processes and chemical reactions. Often, these dynamics take place on timescales so much shorter than those commonly encountered that they are called ultrafast. LÄS MER