Sökning: "Atom- och molekylärfysik"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 45 avhandlingar innehållade orden Atom- och molekylärfysik.

  1. 1. Coherent Interactions in Rare-Earth-Ion-Doped Crystals for Applications in Quantum Information Science

    Författare :Mattias Nilsson; Atomfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; quantum optics; relaxation; magnetic resonance; supraconductors; magnetic and optical properties; electrical; Condensed matter:electronic structure; Atom- och molekylärfysik; optical information processing; coherence in solids; Atomic and molecular physics; rare-earth-ion-doped crystals; magnetisk resonans; spektroskopi; supraledare; magnetiska och optiska ; egenskaper elektriska; Kondenserade materiens egenskaper:elektronstruktur; spectroscopy; quantum information;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis describes investigations of the use of cryogenically cooled rare-earth-ion-doped crystals for quantum information processing and quantum optics. Several aspects of the coherent interaction between light and rare-earth ions in solids are addressed. Quantum information science has given physicists new views of quantum mechanics. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Laser Spectroscopy in Scattering Media for Biological and Medical Applications

    Författare :Linda Persson; Atomfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Instrumentation technology; Mät- och instrumenteringsteknik; Atom- och molekylärfysik; Atomic and molecular physics; Fysik; Physics; Monte Carlo simulations; Biomedical Optics; Scattering media; Gas measurements; Near infrared spectroscopy; Diode laser spectroscopy; Absorption spectroscopy;

    Sammanfattning : Tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy can be utilised for gas detection in biological and medical applications. The common approach is to analyse transmitted light according to the Beer-Lambertian law. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Light scattering and absorption in tissue - models and measurements

    Författare :Annika M K Enejder; Atomfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Tissue optical properties; Light absorption; Fluorescence spectroscopy; Atomic and molecular physics; NIR spectroscopy; Fysicumarkivet A:1997:Enejder; Light scattering; Atom- och molekylärfysik;

    Sammanfattning : In this work a number of theoretical models, describing light propagation in matter, have been applied to and developed for the examination of tissue. The aim was to model the light scattering and absorption in tissue in order to improve the understanding of underlying mechanisms of laser-based diagnostics and treatment modalities utilised for cancer and cardiovascular diseases. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Environmental Monitoring by Multi-Spectral Lidar Techniques

    Författare :Petter Weibring; Atomfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; non-linear optics; fluorescence spectroscopy; scattering; multi-spectral imaging; Atom- och molekylärfysik; atmospheric pollution; Atomic and molecular physics; laser; remote sensing; lidar; DIAL; Fysicumarkivet A:2002:Weibring;

    Sammanfattning : Multi-spectral lidar (light detection and ranging) techniques have been developed and employed in various environmental studies, ranging from concentration mapping of volcanic emissions to fluorescence imaging of historical monuments. In both absorption measurements of gaseous species and fluorescence imaging of stones, multiple wavelength excitation and multiple wavelength detection have been applied. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Development of laser spectroscopy for scattering media applications

    Författare :Mats Andersson; Atomfysik; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Laserteknik; Laser technology; Atom- och molekylärfysik; Atomic and molecular physics; Fysik; Physics; coherent sampling; optical sensor; light absorption; noninvasive measurement; diode laser; scattering of light; laser spectroscopy; fluorescence spectroscopy; remote sensing; Lidar; DIAL;

    Sammanfattning : Laser spectroscopy for both large and small spatial scales has been developed and used in various applications ranging from remote monitoring of atmospheric mercury in Spain to investigation of oxygen contents in wood, human sinuses, fruit, and pharmaceutical solids. Historically, the lidar group in Lund has performed many differential absorption lidar (DIAL) measurements with a mobile lidar system that was first described in 1987. LÄS MER