Sökning: "intensity-modulated radiation therapy"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 20 avhandlingar innehållade orden intensity-modulated radiation therapy.

  1. 1. Energy and intensity modulated radiation therapy with electrons

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå universitet

    Författare :Lennart Olofsson; Mikael Karlsson; Magnus Karlsson; Björn Zackrisson; Erik Traneus; [2005]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Radiation sciences; Radiation therapy; Conformal therapy; IMRT; Electrons; Electron treatment head; Electron MLC; Bremsstrahlung reduction; Integral dose; Penumbra; Output factor; Strålningsvetenskap; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Radiological research Radiation biology; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Radiologisk forskning Strålningsbiologi; radiofysik; radiation physics;

    Sammanfattning : In recent years intensity modulated radiation therapy with photons (xIMRT) has gained attention due to its ability to reduce the dose in the tissues close to the tumour volume. However, this technique also results in a large low dose volume. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Multicriteria optimization for managing tradeoffs in radiation therapy treatment planning

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Rasmus Bokrantz; Anders Forsgren; Karl-Heinz Küfer; [2013]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Optimization; multicriteria optimization; robust optimization; Pareto optimality; Pareto surface approximation; Pareto surface navigation; intensity-modulated radiation therapy; volumetric-modulated arc therapy; intensity-modulated proton therapy; Optimering; flermålsoptimering; robust optimering; Paretooptimalitet; Paretofrontsapproximation; Paretofrontsnavigering; intensitetsmodulerad strålterapi; rotationsterapi; intensitetsmodulerad protonterapi;

    Sammanfattning : Treatment planning for radiation therapy inherently involves tradeoffs, such as between tumor control and normal tissue sparing, between time-efficiency and dose quality, and between nominal plan quality and robustness. The purpose of this thesis is to develop methods that can facilitate decision making related to such tradeoffs. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Automated radiation therapy treatment planning by increased accuracy of optimization tools

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm, Sweden : KTH Royal Institute of Technology

    Författare :Lovisa Engberg; Anders Forsgren; Marina A. Epelman; [2018]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Optimization; intensity-modulated radiation therapy; radiation therapy treatment planning; automated radiation therapy treatment planning; interior-point methods; Optimering; intensitetsmodulerad strålbehandling; dosplanering; automatiserad dosplanering; inrepunktsmetoder; Matematik; Mathematics;

    Sammanfattning : Every radiation therapy treatment is preceded by a treatment planning phase. In this phase, a treatment plan that specifies exactly how to irradiate the patient is designed by the treatment planner. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Accurate description of heterogeneous tumors for biologically optimized radiation therapy

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : Medicinsk strålningsfysik (tills m KI)

    Författare :Johan Nilsson; Bengt Lind; Anders Brahme; Margareta Edgren; Søren Bentzen; [2004]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; heterogeneous tumors; radiation therapy; biological optimization; tumor hypoxia; effective radiation sensitivity; effective radiation resistance; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Radiological research Radiation biology; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Radiologisk forskning Strålningsbiologi;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, a model of tissue oxygenation is presented, that takes into account the heterogeneous nature of tumor vasculature. Even though the model is rather simple, the resulting oxygen distributions agree very well with clinically observed oxygen distributions for most tumors and healthy normal tissues. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Utilizing Problem Structure in Optimization of Radiation Therapy

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : KTH

    Författare :Fredrik Carlsson; Anders Forsgren; Edwin Romeijn; [2008]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Optimization; intensity-modulated radiation therapy; conjugate-gradient method; step-and-shoot delivery; column generation; quasi-Newton method; regularization; sequential quadratic programming; MATHEMATICS Applied mathematics Optimization; systems theory; MATEMATIK Tillämpad matematik Optimeringslära; systemteori;

    Sammanfattning : In this thesis, optimization approaches for intensity-modulated radiation therapy are developed and evaluated with focus on numerical efficiency and treatment delivery aspects. The first two papers deal with strategies for solving fluence map optimization problems efficiently while avoiding solutions with jagged fluence profiles. LÄS MER