Sökning: "Synaptic Transmission"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 73 avhandlingar innehållade orden Synaptic Transmission.

  1. 1. Gene therapy for epilepsy: resculpturing synaptic transmission with neuropeptides

    Författare :Andreas Toft Sörensen; Experimentell Epilepsi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; LTP; synaptic plasticity; synaptic transmission; electrophysiology; Y5 receptor; Y2 receptor; neuropeptide Y NPY ; hippocampus; gene therapy; epilepsy; memory; activity-dependent release; volume transmission;

    Sammanfattning : Intractable seizures and lack of effective antiepileptic drugs (AED) are severe and common conditions affecting many patients with epilepsy. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop new therapies in epilepsy. The search for novel treatments has identified several neuropeptide systems as potential targets for future therapeutic interventions. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Role of Endogenous BDNF and NT3 for Synaptic Transmission and Plasticity in the Dentate gyrus

    Författare :Klara Olofsdotter; Malmö Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; hippocampus; dentate gyrus; GABA; glutamate; synaptic transmission; synaptic plasticity; Brain-derived neurotrophic factor; neurotrophin 3; Neurologi; neurophysiology; neuropsychology; Neurology; electrophysiology; neurofysiologi; neuropsykologi;

    Sammanfattning : The neurotrophins, notably brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin 3 (NT3), modulate synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity in the adult mammalian brain. Recent data suggest that neurotrophins might be mediators of activity-dependent synaptic plasticity. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity in the mouse striatum

    Författare :Sietske Schotanus; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :;

    Sammanfattning : The striatum is the major input nucleus of the basal ganglia and can be subdivided into a dorsal part and a ventral part that is also named nucleus accumbens (NAc). The dorsal part is involved in motor control and habit learning whereas the ventral part is mostly associated with rewardmotivated behaviors. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Endogenous modulators of hyperexcitability in epilepsy: electrophysiological and optogenetic delineation of neuropeptide Y mechanisms in interneurons

    Författare :Marco Ledri; Lund Neurologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; interneurons; Epilepsy; Neuropeptide Y; synaptic transmission; synaptic plasticity; electrophysiology; optogenetics;

    Sammanfattning : Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders worldwide, affecting 1% of the general population, and is characterized by a predisposition for the generation of epileptic seizures. Despite having several different aetiologies, a common underlying cause of epilepsy seems to be an acquired imbalance between excitatory and inhibitory circuits in the brain, which leads to hyperexcitability and appearance of seizures. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Molecular mechanisms of synaptic transmission and plasticity in spinal sensory pathways

    Författare :Max Larsson; Neurofysiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; neurophysiology; neuropsychology; Neurology; electron microscopy; synaptic plasticity; synapse; pain; spinal cord; hyperalgesia; Neurologi; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : An intense, potentially tissue-damaging (noxious) stimulus may lead to enhanced pain sensation of subsequent noxious stimuli (hyperalgesia) and to the perceiving of innocuous stimuli as painful (allodynia). This is thought to result to a large extent from strengthening of synapses established by primary afferent fibers onto spinal cord dorsal horn neurons. LÄS MER