Sökning: "synaptic plasticity"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 84 avhandlingar innehållade orden synaptic plasticity.

  1. 1. Role of Endogenous BDNF and NT3 for Synaptic Transmission and Plasticity in the Dentate gyrus

    Författare :Klara Olofsdotter; Malmö Institutionen för kliniska vetenskaper; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; hippocampus; dentate gyrus; GABA; glutamate; synaptic transmission; synaptic plasticity; Brain-derived neurotrophic factor; neurotrophin 3; Neurologi; neurophysiology; neuropsychology; Neurology; electrophysiology; neurofysiologi; neuropsykologi;

    Sammanfattning : The neurotrophins, notably brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin 3 (NT3), modulate synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity in the adult mammalian brain. Recent data suggest that neurotrophins might be mediators of activity-dependent synaptic plasticity. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Gene therapy for epilepsy: resculpturing synaptic transmission with neuropeptides

    Författare :Andreas Toft Sörensen; Experimentell Epilepsi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; LTP; synaptic plasticity; synaptic transmission; electrophysiology; Y5 receptor; Y2 receptor; neuropeptide Y NPY ; hippocampus; gene therapy; epilepsy; memory; activity-dependent release; volume transmission;

    Sammanfattning : Intractable seizures and lack of effective antiepileptic drugs (AED) are severe and common conditions affecting many patients with epilepsy. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop new therapies in epilepsy. The search for novel treatments has identified several neuropeptide systems as potential targets for future therapeutic interventions. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Neurotransmission and functional synaptic plasticity in the rat medial preoptic nucleus

    Författare :Evgenya Malinina; Staffan Johansson; Eric Hanse; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; medial preoptic nucleus; synaptic plasticity; GABA; glutamate; L-type Ca2 channel; Physiology; Fysiologi; fysiologi; Physiology;

    Sammanfattning : Brain function implies complex information processing in neuronal circuits, critically dependent on the molecular machinery that enables signal transmission across synaptic contacts between neurons. The types of ion channels and receptors in the neuronal membranes vary with neuron types and brain regions and determine whether neuronal responses will be excitatory or inhibitory and often allow for functional synaptic plasticity which is thought to be the basis for much of the adaptability of the nervous system and for our ability to learn and store memories. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Molecular mechanisms of synaptic transmission and plasticity in spinal sensory pathways

    Författare :Max Larsson; Neurofysiologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; neurophysiology; neuropsychology; Neurology; electron microscopy; synaptic plasticity; synapse; pain; spinal cord; hyperalgesia; Neurologi; neuropsykologi; neurofysiologi;

    Sammanfattning : An intense, potentially tissue-damaging (noxious) stimulus may lead to enhanced pain sensation of subsequent noxious stimuli (hyperalgesia) and to the perceiving of innocuous stimuli as painful (allodynia). This is thought to result to a large extent from strengthening of synapses established by primary afferent fibers onto spinal cord dorsal horn neurons. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Modeling receptor induced signaling in MSNs : Interaction between molecules involved in striatal synaptic plasticity

    Författare :Anu G. Nair; Jeanette Hellgren Kotaleski; Omar Gutierrez-Arenas; Upinder S. Bhalla; Pierre Vincent; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Striatal synaptic plasticity; LTP; Dopamine; Acetylcholine; Synergy; Medium spiny neurons; MSNs;

    Sammanfattning : Basal Ganglia are evolutionarily conserved brain nuclei involved in several physiologically important animal behaviors like motor control and reward learning. Striatum, which is the input nuclei of basal ganglia, integrates inputs from several neurons, like cortical and thalamic glutamatergic input and local GABAergic inputs. LÄS MER