Sökning: "Respiratory system"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 293 avhandlingar innehållade orden Respiratory system.

  1. 1. Home Mechanical Ventilation in Sweden. Demography, Indications, Clinical Effects and Survival

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Lund University

    Författare :Michael Laub; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2006]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; home mechanical ventilation; Andningsorganen; Respiratory system; causes of death; selection criteria; clinical effects; prevalence; temporal changes; survival; Chronic respiratory failure hypoventilation;

    Sammanfattning : Home mechanical ventilation in patients with chronic respiratory failure secondary to several different diseases has become widely acceptable as the provision of ventilatory support can provide symptomatic relief and increase life expectancy. Aims: To study the selection criteria underlying the initiation of home mechanical ventilation and to quantify the effects of in relation to blood gases and lung function; to examine temporal changes in treatment prevalence in Sweden; to study survival and causes of death and demonstrate possible related impact factors. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Smoking and airway disorders in an urban population -special references to gender and socioeconomic status

    Detta är en avhandling från Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Lund University

    Författare :Marie Ekberg; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2006]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Folkhälsa; epidemiology; Public health; Andningsorganen; Respiratory system; gender; COPD; hospital admissions; lung cancer; Medicine human and vertebrates ; tobacco; socio-economic status; smoking; population-based; morbidity; mortality; epidemiologi; lung function; Medicin människa och djur ; women;

    Sammanfattning : The Malmö Preventive Project, a preventive, case-finding programme for cardiovascular risk factors and alcohol abuse was created in 1974 at the Department of Preventive Medicine of Malmö University Hospital. Between 1974-1992, a total of 22 444 men (mean age 44 years range 27 - 61) and 10 902 women (mean age 50 years, range 28 - 58) attended the programme, with an overall attendance rate of 70% (range 64-78). LÄS MER

  3. 3. T-cells in COPD to help or harm? A study of T-cells in COPD patients and related aspects of T-cell function in vitro

    Detta är en avhandling från Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Lund University

    Författare :Pernilla Glader; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2006]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Andningsorganen; Respiratory system; Immunologi; serologi; T-cell; inflammation; mucosal immunology; transplantation; serology; Immunology; lymphocyte; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease;

    Sammanfattning : Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, COPD, is manifested by chronic airflow limitation due to inflammation and tissue destruction in the lungs. COPD is caused primarily by smoking and with increasing cigarette consumption in the world, the prevalence for COPD will most probably increase in the future. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Lung Transplantation: Clinical and experimental studies

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Lund University

    Författare :Leif Eriksson; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [1998]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Respiratory system; Follow up Studies; Vascular Resistance; Intensive Care; Induced; Hypothermia; Swine; Extracorporeal Circulation; Lung Transplantation; Organ Preservation; Andningsorganen; Immunology; serology; transplantation; Immunologi; serologi;

    Sammanfattning : During the past 15 years lung transplantation has been established as a therapeutic option for patients with end-stage pulmonary disease. The results have improved over time and some transplantation centers now show 1-year survival rates above 80%. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Epidemiological and Pan-airway Aspects

    Detta är en avhandling från Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Lund University

    Författare :Ulf Nihlén; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2003]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Respiratory system; spirometry; nasal polyposis; nasal symptoms; prevalence; incidence; coronary heart disease; alcohol; airways; COPD; FEV1; Andningsorganen;

    Sammanfattning : Background – Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, there is little information on the prevalence and particularly on the incidence of COPD. LÄS MER