Sökning: "substrate modes"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 40 avhandlingar innehållade orden substrate modes.

  1. 1. The kinetics of cellulose enzymatic hydrolysis : Implications of the synergism between enzymes

    Författare :Priit Väljamäe; Jan-Christer Janson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biochemistry; Acetobacter; Cellobiohydrolase; Cellobiose; Cellulase; Cellulose; Diffusion; Endoglucanase; Hydrolysis; Inhibition; Kinetics; Model; Product; Substrate; Surface; Synergism; Trichoderma reesei; Biokemi; Biochemistry; Biokemi; biokemi; Biochemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The hydrolysis kinetics of bacterial cellulose and its derivatives by Trichoderma reesei cellulases was studied. The cellulose surface erosion model was introduced to explain the gradual and strong retardation of the rate of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Investigations of Optical Properties and Photo-Alignment in Bistable Nematic Liquid Crystal Displays

    Författare :Jesper Osterman; Claes-Göran Granqvist; Kent Skarp; Peter Raynes; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Engineering physics; LCD; liquid crystal; bistable; nematic; optical; modes; photo-alignment; Teknisk fysik; Engineering physics; Teknisk fysik;

    Sammanfattning : In recent years portable electronic devices, such as mobile phones and personal digital assistants, have increased the demand for high performance displays with low power consumption. An interesting candidate with the potential of fulfilling these demands is the reflective single-polarizer surface controlled bistable twisted nematic liquid crystal display. LÄS MER

  3. 3. InP DHBT Amplifiers and Circuit Packaging up to Submillimeter-Wave Frequencies

    Författare :Klas Eriksson; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; InP; WR05; packaging; noise figure; substrate modes; WR03.; multiple layer interconnect; double heterojunction bipolar transistor DHBT ; G-band; wideband; H-band; waveguide transition; distributed amplifier DA ; millimeter-wave; amplifier; low-noise amplifier LNA ; membrane technology; waveguide module; submillimeter-wave;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis treats the design and characterization of amplifiers operating up tosubmillimeter-wave frequencies and packaging of such circuits into waveguidemodules. The circuits use an advanced indium phosphide (InP) double heterojunctionbipolar transistor (DHBT) process with a multilayer back-end. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Low-frequency noise characterization, evaluation and modeling of advanced Si- and SiGe-based CMOS transistors

    Författare :Martin von Haartman; Mikael Östling; Cor Claeys; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; MOSFET; SOI; SiGe; strain; high-k; metal gate; 1 f noise; low-frequency noise; mobility fluctuations; phonons; number fluctuations; traps; buried channel; mobility; substrate bias; Electronics; Elektronik;

    Sammanfattning : A wide variety of novel complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) devices that are strong contenders for future high-speed and low-noise RF circuits have been evaluated by means of static electrical measurements and low-frequency noise characterizations in this thesis. These novel field-effect transistors (FETs) include (i) compressively strained SiGe channel pMOSFETs, (ii) tensile strained Si nMOSFETs, (iii) MOSFETs with high-k gate dielectrics, (iv) metal gate and (v) silicon-on-insulator (SOI) devices. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Quantum Chemical Studies of Enzymatic Reaction Mechanisms

    Författare :Bianca Manta; Fahmi Himo; Lubomir Rulisek; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; density functional theory; B3LYP; enzyme; cluster approach; mechanism; zinc; manganese; cytosine deaminase; ω-transaminase; dinitrogenase reductase-activating glycohydrolase; dual substrate recognition; Organic Chemistry; organisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : Computer modeling of enzymes is a valuable complement to experiments. Quantum chemical studies of enzymatic reactions can provide a detailed description of the reaction mechanism and elucidate the roles of various residues in the active site. LÄS MER