Sökning: "Cellulase"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 23 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Cellulase.

  1. 1. Functional studies of a membrane-anchored cellulase from poplar

    Författare :Ulla Jonsson Rudsander; Tuula Teeri; Eva Nordberg-Karlsson; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; Populus; cellulose biosynthesis; endo-1; 4-b-glucanase; cellulase; Pichia pastoris; Arabidopsis thaliana; NMR spectroscopy; cleavage pattern; stereochemistry; transglycosylation; complementation; hybrid proteins; overexpression; substrate analysis; overglycosylation; Bioengineering; Bioteknik;

    Sammanfattning : Cellulose in particular and wood in general are valuable biomaterials for humanity, and cellulose is now also in the spotlight as a starting material for the production of biofuel. Understanding the processes of wood formation and cellulose biosynthesis could therefore be rewarding, and genomics and proteomics approaches have been initiated to learn more about wood biology. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Enhanced Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Lignocellulose in Bioethanol Production Substrate Interactions with Surfactants and Polymers

    Författare :Johan Börjesson; Biokemi och Strukturbiologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; enzymologi; Penicillium brasilianum; SSF; Ethanol; Proteins; enzymology; Proteiner; Protease; Adsorption; PEG; Surfactant; Hydrolysis; Lignocellulose; Cellulase; Hypocrea jecorina; Trichoderma reesei; Cellulose;

    Sammanfattning : Ethanol produced from cellulose is a promising future alternative fuel. The production process has three main steps: (i) pretreatment of raw material to increase degradability; (ii) enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose to produce glucose; (iii) fermentation of glucose into bioethanol. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Interfacial behaviour of surfactants and enzymes: studies at model surfaces

    Författare :Olaspers Jonny Eriksson; Fysikalisk kemi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Surface and boundary layery chemistry; gränsskikt; enzymatic degradation; cellulase; model film; cellulose; QCM; ellipsometry; surfactant; three-phase contact line; adsorption; wetting; Ytkemi;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis presents results from experimental studies of the interfacial behaviour of surfactants and enzymes at model surfaces. The main technique used throughout the work was ellipsometry. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Degradation of wood polysaccharides by fungal glycoside hydrolases

    Författare :Torny Eriksson; Biokemi och Strukturbiologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Penicillium brasilianum; ethanol; cellulose; wood polysaccharides; Man5A hemicellulase; cellulase; endoglucanase; cellobiohydrolase; Cel7B; Cel7A; Trichoderma reesei; glycoside hydrolase; Plant biochemistry; Växtbiokemi;

    Sammanfattning : The enzymatic degradation of wood polysaccharides such as cellulose and hemicellulose is an important process in nature. In addition, cellulases and hemicellulases can be used in industrial applications. Fuel ethanol can potentially be produced from wood by enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose followed by yeast fermentation of the formed sugars. LÄS MER

  5. 5. New Mass Spectrometric Methods for Structure Analysis of Carboxymethyl Cellulose

    Författare :Jonas Enebro; Sigbritt Karlsson; Dane Momcilovic; Ulf Germgård; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; carboxymethyl cellulose; substituent distribution; rheology; enzyme hydrolysis; cellulase; permethylation; liquid chromatography; MALDI; ESI; mass spectrometry; Polymer chemistry; Polymerkemi;

    Sammanfattning : Carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) is a cellulose derivative, made from cellulose by introduction of carboxymethyl groups along the molecules. The properties of CMC are affected by several parameters where the molar mass and molar mass distribution, degree of substitution (DS) and the distribution pattern along, and between, the cellulose molecules are the most prominent. LÄS MER