Sökning: "screening failures"

Hittade 5 avhandlingar innehållade orden screening failures.

  1. 1. Characteristics of screen-failures in prostate cancer screening

    Detta är en avhandling från Göteborg : University of Gothenburg

    Författare :Anna Grenabo Bergdahl; Göteborgs universitet.; Gothenburg University.; [2015]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; screening; prostate cancer; screening failures; antigen; age; interval cancer; multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging; non-attendees; prostate cancer screening;

    Sammanfattning : ABSTRACT Although prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based screening has been shown to reduce prostate cancer (PC)-specific mortality with large variations in mortality reduction with different screening algorithms, the optimal screening strategy has not yet been established. This thesis aims at exploring aspects of underdiagnosis in PC screening, focusing on the impact of screening failures on screening effectiveness. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Markets, Interventions and Externalities Four Essays in Applied Economics

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : Department of Economics, Stockholm University

    Författare :Sara Fogelberg Lövgren; Stockholms universitet.; [2015]
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; Economics; nationalekonomi;

    Sammanfattning : This Ph.D. thesis contains four independent essays summarized as follows. Effects of Competition between Healthcare Providers on Prescription of AntibioticsThe introduction of antibiotics as a medical treatment after World War II helped to dramatically increase life expectancy in the industrialized world. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Recurrent Streptococcal Pharyngotonsillitis Studies on etiology and treatment

    Detta är en avhandling från Lund University

    Författare :Arne Orrling; Lund University.; Lunds universitet.; [2006]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; auditive system and speech; Otorinolaryngologi; Infektioner; Otorhinolaryngology; Infections; Clindamycin.; Penicillin tolerance; Tonsillar surface fluid; treatment failure; Group A streptococci; hörsel- och talorganen; audiologi; audiology; Recurrent streptococcal pharyngotonsillitis;

    Sammanfattning : In acute pharyngotonsillitis group A streptococci (GAS) is the etiological agent in 30-50% of cases. Phenoxymethylpenicillin (pcV) is the drug of choice in Sweden. However, the failure rate is as high as 5-25% and further pcV treatment is followed by still higher failure rates. The background of failures remains largely elusive. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Wear characteristics of materials for artificial hip joints

    Detta är en avhandling från Lund University

    Författare :Mohammed Seyed Hoseini Nazari; RISE.; [2005]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; HDPE; UHMWPE; Coating; Tribology; Pin-on-disc; Y-irradiation; Vitamin E; Wear; Implant; Artificial hip joint;

    Sammanfattning : Total hip prostheses have succeeded in significantly improving the quality of life of millions of patients worldwide. Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) has been widely and successfully used as a bearing material in orthopaedic prostheses since the 1960s. LÄS MER

  5. 5. On the subjective–objective distinction for measures of memory and cognition Theoretical and methodological issues in questionnaire development and validation

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Department of Applied Educational Science

    Författare :Peter Vestergren; Umeå universitet.; [2011]
    Nyckelord :SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; SOCIAL SCIENCES; cognitive dysfunction; measurement; memory complaints; self report; subjective memory; subjective–objective; SOCIAL SCIENCES Other social sciences; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP Övrig samhällsvetenskap; didactics of educational measurement; beteendevetenskapliga mätningar;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this thesis was to develop a questionnaire for cognitive functioning, which could possibly be used as a screening instrument for early signs of dementia in the future. The introduction discusses the often made distinction between subjective and objective measures. LÄS MER