Sökning: "antimicrobial"

Visar resultat 11 - 15 av 385 avhandlingar innehållade ordet antimicrobial.

  1. 11. Bacterial Resistance to Antimicrobial Peptides : Rates, Mechanisms and Fitness Effects

    Författare :Maria Pränting; Dan Andersson; Ian Chopra; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :antimicrobial peptides; antibiotic resistance; fitness cost; bacterial evolution; small colony variants; cyclotides; Biologi med inriktning mot mikrobiologi; Biology with specialization in Microbiology; Mikrobiologi; Microbiology;

    Sammanfattning : The rapid emergence of bacterial resistance to antibiotics has necessitated the development of alternative treatment strategies. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are important immune system components that kill microbes rapidly and have broad activity-spectra, making them promising leads for new pharmaceuticals. LÄS MER

  2. 12. Microgels as Carriers for Antimicrobial Peptides : Surface-bound microgels, and factors affecting peptide interactions

    Författare :Lina Nyström; Martin Malmsten; Per Hansson; L. Andrew Lyon; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Antimicrobial peptides; Biomaterial coating; Drug delivery; Host defence peptides; Microgels; pH-responsive; Surface-bound; Pharmaceutical Physical Chemistry; Farmaceutisk fysikalisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : With a growing number of multi-resistant bacteria against conventional antibiotics, there is an urgent need to identify new antimicrobial therapeutics. One example that has gained considerable interest is antimicrobial peptides (AMPs). LÄS MER

  3. 13. Novel Endogenous Antimicrobial Peptides

    Författare :Emma Nordahl; Lund Dermatologi och venereologi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; D5; HK; C3a; HMWK; complement; heparin-binding; antibacterial; Antimicrbial peptide; AMP;

    Sammanfattning : Antimicrobial peptides serve as a first line of defence against invading microorganisms and are an essential part of our fast innate immune system. They are ancient molecules found in all classes of life. Antimicrobial peptides rapidly kill a broad spectrum of microbes and are immunomodulatory, i.e. LÄS MER

  4. 14. Polymeric Nanoparticles as Carriers for Antimicrobial Peptides : Factors Affecting Peptide and Membrane Interactions

    Författare :Randi Nordström; Martin Malmsten; Per Hansson; Helena Bysell; Erica Wanless; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; antimicrobial peptide; microgel; degradable; nanogel; drug delivery; PEGylation; secondary structure; model membrane; lipid bilayer; neutron reflectometry; ellipsometry; Pharmaceutical Physical Chemistry; Farmaceutisk fysikalisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : As resistance towards conventional antibiotics is becoming more pronounced, cationic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have received considerable attention as possible therapeutic alternatives. Thousands of potent AMPs occur in humans, animals, plants and fungi as a natural part of the immune system. LÄS MER

  5. 15. Interaction Between Antimicrobial Peptides and Phospholipid Membranes : Effects of Peptide Length and Composition

    Författare :Lovisa Ringstad; Martin Malmsten; Per Hansson; Jeremy Ramsden; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Adsorption; antibacterial; antimicrobial peptide; bilayer; ellipsometry; electrochemistry; electrostatic interactions; hydrophobicity; liposome; membrane; monolayer; phospholipid; secondary structure; supported bilayer.; PHARMACY; FARMACI; Pharmaceutical Physical Chemistry; farmaceutisk fysikalisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : Due to increasing problems with bacterial resistance development, there is a growing need for identifying new types of antibiotics. Antimicrobial peptides constitute an interesting group of substances for this purpose, since they are believed to act mainly by disrupting the bacterial membrane, which is a fast and non-specific mechanism. LÄS MER