Sökning: "antibiotic resistance"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 287 avhandlingar innehållade orden antibiotic resistance.

  1. 1. Antibiotic Resistance : Selection in the Presence of Metals and Antimicrobials

    Författare :Lisa M. Albrecht; Dan I Andersson; Alex O'Neill; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Antibiotic resistance; Metals; Antimicrobials; Bacterial evolution; Bacterial genetics; Biologi med inriktning mot mikrobiologi; Biology with specialization in Microbiology;

    Sammanfattning : The external environment is complex: Antibiotics, metals and antimicrobials do not exist in isolation but in mixtures. Human activities such as animal husbandry, fertilization of agricultural fields and human medicine release high amounts these compounds into the environment. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Antibiotic Resistance in Wastewater : Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)and antibiotic resistance genes

    Författare :Stefan Börjesson; Per-Eric Lindgren; Johanna Ericson Sollid; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MRSA; SCCmec; spa typing; Staphylococcus aureus; methicillin; B-lactam; aminoglycoside; tetracycline; antibiotic; wastewater; wastewater treatment plant; Microbiology; Mikrobiologi;

    Sammanfattning : A large part of the antibiotics consumed ends up in wastewater, and in the wastewater the antibiotics may exert selective pressure for or maintain resistance among microorganisms. Antibiotic resistant bacteria and genes encoding antibiotic resistance are commonly detected in wastewater, often at higher rates and concentrations compared to surface water. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Antibiotic resistance gone wild : A One Health perspective on carriage, selection and transmission of Extended-Spectrum Cephalosporinase- and Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae

    Författare :Clara Atterby; Josef D. Järhult; Nicola Williams; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Antibiotic resistance; E. coli; K. pneumoniae; ESBL; AmpC; Carbapenemase; ciprofloxacin resistance; colistin resistance; rural; wildlife; birds; sub-MIC; MSC; Cambodia; environment; epidemiology; Infektionssjukdomar; Infectious Diseases;

    Sammanfattning : Antibiotics have saved millions of lives since they came into clinical use during the Second World War in the 1940s. Today, our effective use of antibiotics is under great threat due to emerging antibiotic resistance in bacteria. This thesis addresses the problems of antibiotic resistance from a ”One Health” perspective. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Clostridium difficile : epidemiology and antibiotic resistance

    Författare :Torbjörn Norén; Erik Bäck; Lars G. Burman; Roland Möllby; Örebro universitet; []
    Nyckelord :AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; LANTBRUKSVETENSKAPER; AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES; Clostridium difficile; antibiotic resistance; epidemiology; Medicine; Medicin; Medicin; Medicine;

    Sammanfattning : Clostridium difficile is a spore-forming toxin-producing intestinal bacterium abundant in soils and waters. This pathogen relies on increased growth by a disturbed intestinal microflora and the production of two cytotoxins, toxin A and toxin B, which may cause anything from mild self-limiting C. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Extended-Spectrum ß-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae : Antibiotic consumption, Detection and Resistance Epidemiology

    Författare :Åse Östholm Balkhed; Lennart Nilsson; Håkan Hanberger; Hans-Jurg Monstein; Anita Hällgren; Mats Kalin; Linköpings universitet; []
    Nyckelord :Extended-Spectrum ß-Lactamase-Producing Enterobacteriaceae; Antibiotic consumption; Detection Methods; Multiplex PCR; Resistance Epidemiology; Multi-resistance; E. coli; ESBL; fecal carriage; faecal carriage; travel;

    Sammanfattning : ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae are emerging worldwide and they are frequently multi-drug resistant, thus limiting treatment options for infections caused by these pathogens.The overall aim of the thesis was to investigate ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in a Swedish county. LÄS MER