Sökning: "Paediatrics"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 16 avhandlingar innehållade ordet Paediatrics.

  1. 1. Safety of Medication in Paediatrics

    Författare :Kristina Star; Karin Nordin; I Ralph Edwards; Richard Irvin Cook; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :paediatrics; adverse drug reaction; drug-related problem; medication error; patient safety; individual case safety reports; pharmacovigilance; medication; nurses; health care personnel; dosage form; NSAID; dosing; prescription; antipsychotic medicines; postmarketing surveillance; Medicinsk vetenskap; Medical Science;

    Sammanfattning : Background: In paediatrics, the limited documentation to guide medication, the lack of suitable dosage forms, and the continuous development in childhood present a scenario where safety of medication is a particular challenge.Aim: To explore reported adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and the challenges in prescribing and administering medicines in paediatrics, in order to identify and suggest areas needing international surveillance within medication safety and improvement in the clinical setting. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Suicides, psychotic disorders and criminality among former child and adolescent psychiatric patients followed into adulthood

    Författare :Ulf Engqvist; Mittuniversitetet; Karolinska Institutet; Karolinska Institutet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Psychiatry; child; adolescent; adult; mortality; suicide; crime; mental disorders; psychotic disorders; paediatrics; longitudinal studies; Child and adolescent psychiatry; Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; Psychiatry; child; adolescent; adult; mortality; suicide; crime; mental disorders; psychotic disorders; paediatrics; longitudinal studies;

    Sammanfattning : The overall aim was to provide information about child and adolescent psychiatric (CAP) patients and their outcome as adults: Were their difficulties in childhood due to mental illness, disablement and/or behaviour disorders? What happened to them as adults? Who were the patients in need of psychiatric care (GenP) in adulthood that had not had previous contact with CAP? Did this group differ from the former CAP group? Methods: Paper I-III: 1,400 CAP patients admitted 1975-1990 to inpatient or outpatient CAP care in Jämtland County, Sweden were followed until 2003. Paper IV: A sample of 167 GenP patients not treated in CAP was compared to GenP patients with a history of CAP care. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Unresolved Controversies in Child Pneumonia in low and middle income Countries

    Författare :Nick Brown; Andreas Mårtensson; Mats Målqvist; Stephen Allen; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Paediatrics; pneumonia; global health; antibiotics; poverty; risk scoring; Pediatrik; Pediatrics; Epidemiologi; Epidemiology;

    Sammanfattning : There has been a fall globally in pneumonia-related fatality in children during the Millennium Development and early Sustainable Development Goal era.However, pneumonia remains the single largest contributor to mortality with issues including antibiotic resistance, pollution, a change in infective epidemiology, equipoise over effects of adjunctive treatments and identification of sick, decompensating children. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Optimization of paediatric CT examinations - An approach to minimize absorbed dose to patients with regard to image quality and observer variability

    Författare :Kerstin Ledenius; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :Computed Tomography; Paediatrics; Radiation Dosage; Computer Simulations; Nonparametric Statistics; Observer Variation; Radiographic Image Enhancement;

    Sammanfattning : The absorbed dose to paediatric patients is important bearing in mind the increased risk of radiation-induced cancer due to exposure to X-rays at young ages. Questions have also been raised of whether a CT examination of the paediatric brain might lead to a reduction in cognitive function. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Four Eighteenth-century Medical Dissertations under the Presidency of Nils Rosén : Edited and translated, with an introduction and commentary by Urban Örneholm

    Författare :Urban Örneholm; Hans Helander; Arne Jönsson; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :HUMANITIES; HUMANIORA; HUMANIORA; HUMANITIES; Latin language; Neo-Latin; dissertations; terminology; nomenclature; Nils Rosén; history of medicine; smallpox; paediatrics; Latin; Latin language; Latin;

    Sammanfattning : Nils Rosén (von Rosenstein) (1706–73), Professor of medicine at Uppsala University, is less known than his colleague Linnaeus, but has, mainly through his textbook Underrättelser om Barn-Sjukdomar (1st monograph ed. 1764), had an enormous influence on the care of children throughout Europe. LÄS MER