Sökning: "sensitization"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 189 avhandlingar innehållade ordet sensitization.

  1. 1. IgE sensitization against food allergens : Natural history, relation to airway inflammation and asthma

    Författare :Antonios Patelis; Andrei Malinovschi; Eva Rönmark; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; allergen components; extract-based; exhaled NO; airway hyperresponsiveness; blood eosinophil count; IgE sensitization; food hypersensitivity; food allergens; perennial allergens; natural history; markers of systemic inflammation; markers of local inflammation; Lungmedicin; Lung Medicine; Fysiologi; Physiology; Immunologi; Immunology;

    Sammanfattning : Background: According to recent studies in children, IgE sensitization not only against perennial allergens, but also against food allergens, is related to asthma risk and increased airway inflammation. During the last decade, a new technique for IgE determination based on allergen components has become available, but its use in epidemiological studies has been limited. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Nicotine sensitization and loss of inhibitory control. Role of serotonin

    Författare :Peter Olausson; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Nicotine; Amphetamine; Locomotor activity; Inhibitory control; Dopamine; Serotonin; Sensitization; Nucleus accumbens; Elevated plus-maze;

    Sammanfattning : Drug dependence is a devastating disorder present in all parts of the world. It is manifested by craving and a general loss of control over the drug intake and the life situation, ultimately leading to compulsive use of the addictive drug at the expense of normal behavioral patterns. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Nicotine sensitization and the effects of extended withdrawal - behavioral, neurochemical and electrophysiological studies in the rat

    Författare :Julia Morud Lekholm; Göteborgs universitet; Göteborgs universitet; Gothenburg University; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Abstinence; Dopamine; Elevated plus-maze; GABA; Inhibitory control; Nicotine; Nucleus accumbens; Sensitization;

    Sammanfattning : Tobacco use is one of the primary factors for global burden of disease and often results in life-long nicotine addiction, only a small percentage users are able to maintain cessation. The life-long addiction together with a high relapse risk might be connected to drug-induced altered neural circuits. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Sick of smells : Empirical findings and a theoretical framework for chemical intolerance

    Författare :Linus Andersson; Steven Nordin; Monique Smeets; Umeå universitet; []
    Nyckelord :SOCIAL SCIENCES; SAMHÄLLSVETENSKAP; Chemical Intolerance; Unexplained Medical Symptoms; Environmental Intolerance; Event-related potentials; functional magnetic resonance imaging; psychophysics; sensitization; habituation; Psychology; psykologi;

    Sammanfattning : Chemical intolerance (CI) is a term that refers to the surprisingly common phenomenon of persons getting ill from everyday chemicals. Although seemingly similar to asthma and allergies, CI sufferers do not react to exposures with increased histamine release. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Relationship between chemical structure and airway sensitizing potential for organic acid anhydrides : an animal model

    Författare :Xing-Dong Zhang; Avdelningen för arbets- och miljömedicin; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; sensitization; immunization; predictive testing; low-molecular-weight chemicals; chemical respiratory allergy; hypersensitivity; rats; guinea pigs; structure-activity-relationship; occupational asthma; organic acid anhydrides; IgG1; IgE; Occupational health; industrial medicine; Yrkesmedicin; arbetsmiljömedicin;

    Sammanfattning : Oranic acid anhydrides (OAAs) are important reactive, low-molecular-weight industrial chemicals which induce allergic rhinitis and asthma in exposed subjects. Specific IgE has been demonstrated in a large proportion of OAA-exposed workers. LÄS MER