Sökning: "radiation"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 1829 avhandlingar innehållade ordet radiation.

  1. 1. The microdosimetric variance-covariance method used for beam quality characterization in radiation protection and radiation therapy

    Detta är en avhandling från Stockholm : Medicinsk strålningsfysik (tills m KI)

    Författare :Jan Erik Lillhök; Lennart Lindborg; Bernd Grosswendt; [2007]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; ionizing radiation; radiation quality; radiation protection; radiation therapy; microdosimetry; nanodosimetry; variance-covariance method; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Radiological research Radiological physics; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Radiologisk forskning Radiofysik; medicinsk strålningsfysik; Medical Radiation Physics;

    Sammanfattning : Radiation quality is described by the RBE (relative biological effectiveness) that varies with the ionizing ability of the radiation. Microdosimetric quantities describe distributions of energy imparted to small volumes and can be related to RBE. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Colorectal cancer and radiation response The role of EGFR, AKT and cancer stem cell markers

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Sara Häggblad Sahlberg; Bo Stenerlöw; Bengt Glimelius; Marika Nestor; Torgny Stigbrand; [2014]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; colorectal cancer; radiation; AKT; EGFR; cancer stem cells; CD133; CD44; Biomedical Radiation Science; Biomedicinsk strålningsvetenskap; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylär cellbiologi; Biology with specialization in Molecular Cell Biology;

    Sammanfattning : The primary treatment for colorectal cancer is surgery. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy, sometimes combined, are also frequently used to diminish recurrence risk. In response to radiation exposure, several cellular signaling cascades are activated to repair DNA breaks, prevent apoptosis and to keep the cells proliferating. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Energy and intensity modulated radiation therapy with electrons

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå universitet

    Författare :Lennart Olofsson; Mikael Karlsson; Magnus Karlsson; Björn Zackrisson; Erik Traneus; [2005]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Radiation sciences; Radiation therapy; Conformal therapy; IMRT; Electrons; Electron treatment head; Electron MLC; Bremsstrahlung reduction; Integral dose; Penumbra; Output factor; Strålningsvetenskap; MEDICINE Physiology and pharmacology Radiological research Radiation biology; MEDICIN Fysiologi och farmakologi Radiologisk forskning Strålningsbiologi; radiofysik; radiation physics;

    Sammanfattning : In recent years intensity modulated radiation therapy with photons (xIMRT) has gained attention due to its ability to reduce the dose in the tissues close to the tumour volume. However, this technique also results in a large low dose volume. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Modern Computational Physical Chemistry An Introduction to Biomolecular Radiation Damage and Phototoxicity

    Detta är en avhandling från Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis

    Författare :Jorge Llano; Leif A. Eriksson; Ulf Ryde; [2004]
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Biology; statistical mechanics; biophysical chemistry; interface; surface thermodynamics; bioelectrochemistry; ionizing radiation; radiation therapy; condensed matter; computational chemistry; nucleic acids; radiation damage; electrode potential; electronic transport; photochemistry; strand break; photodynamic action; cytostatic; solvation; solvated electron; absolute potential; chemical potential; Biologi; NATURAL SCIENCES Biology; NATURVETENSKAP Biologi;

    Sammanfattning : The realm of molecular physical chemistry ranges from the structure of matter and the fundamental atomic and molecular interactions to the macroscopic properties and processes arising from the average microscopic behaviour.Herein, the conventional electrodic problem is recast into the simpler molecular problem of finding the electrochemical, real chemical, and chemical potentials of the species involved in redox half-reactions. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Optimizing experimental radioimmunotherapy investigating the different mechanisms behind radiation induced cell deaths

    Detta är en avhandling från Umeå : Umeå Universitet

    Författare :Theres Lindgren; David Eriksson; Torgny Stigbrand; Bo Stenerlöw; [2013]
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; mitotic catastrophe; senescence; cell cycle checkpoint; apoptosis; radiation; gene expression; p53; immunologi; Immunology; radiofysik; radiation physics;

    Sammanfattning : Background. Radiation therapy is an important treatment regimen for malignant disease. Radiation therapy uses ionizing radiation to induce DNA damage in tumor cells in order to kill them. LÄS MER