Sökning: "molekylär biovetenskap"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 142 avhandlingar innehållade orden molekylär biovetenskap.

  1. 1. Tracking single molecules in uncharted territory : A single-molecule method to study kinetics in live bacteria

    Författare :Javier Aguirre Rivera; Magnus Johansson; Dmitri N. Ermolenko; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; single-molecule; protein synthesis; fluorescence microscopy; antibiotics; aminoglycosides; macrolides; apramycin; gentamicin; paromomycin; S13; translation; bacteria; Molekylär biovetenskap; Molecular Life Sciences;

    Sammanfattning : The synthesis of proteins, also known as translation, is a fundamental process in every living organism. The steps in the translation of genetic information to functional proteins have been meticulously studied, mostly using in vitro techniques, yielding a detailed model of their mechanisms. LÄS MER

  2. 2. The impact of cytochrome P4501-inhibitors on aryl hydrocarbon receptor signaling

    Författare :Johanna Bengtsson; Emma Wincent; Ulf Rannug; Malin Celander; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; molekylär biovetenskap; Molecular Bioscience;

    Sammanfattning : The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) best known as a ligand-activated transcription factor that mediates toxic responses to xenobiotics such as dioxins, is also activated by certain endogenous compounds. Activation of the AHR up-regulates transcription of a large number of genes, including those encoding members of the cytochrome P450 1 family of enzymes (CYP1s). LÄS MER

  3. 3. Immune maturation and lymphocyte characteristics in relation to early gut bacteria exposure

    Författare :Sophia Björkander; Eva Sverremark Ekström; Hanne Frøkiær; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Allergy; cell-free supernatant; chemokines; colonization; cytokines; FOXP3; immune-maturation; lactobacilli; lymphocytes; NK-cells; Staphylococcus aureus; unconventional T-cells; molekylär biovetenskap; Molecular Bioscience;

    Sammanfattning : At birth, the immune system is immature and the gut microbiota influences immune maturation. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and lactobacilli are part of the neonatal gut microbiota and have seemingly opposite effects on the immune system. S. LÄS MER

  4. 4. In vitro and in vivo aspects of intrinsic radiosensitivity

    Författare :Karl Brehwens; Andrzej Wojcik; Siamak Haghdoost; Wolfgang Dörr; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Radiation biology; changing dose rates; cytogenetics; hypothermia; X-rays; radiotherapy; osteoradionecrosis; biomarkers; oxidative stress; individual radiosensitivity; molekylär biovetenskap; Molecular Biosciences;

    Sammanfattning : This thesis focuses on how physical and biological factors influence the outcome of exposures to γ/X-rays. That the dose rate changes during real life exposure scenarios is well-known, but radiobiological data from exposures performed at increasing or decreasing dose rates is lacking. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Factors modifying cellular response to ionizing radiation

    Författare :Lei Cheng; Andrzej Wojcik; Siamak Haghdoost; Lovisa Lundholm; Penelope A. Jeggo; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; Radiation biology; DNA damage; gene expression; alpha particles; X-rays; mixed beams; gamma rays; hypothermia; dose rate.; molekylär biovetenskap; Molecular Bioscience;

    Sammanfattning : Many physical factors influence the biological effect of exposure to ionizing radiation, including radiation quality, dose rate and temperature. This thesis focuses on how these factors influence the outcome of exposure and the mechanisms behind the cellular response. LÄS MER