Sökning: "cancer stem cells"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 216 avhandlingar innehållade orden cancer stem cells.

  1. 1. Stem and progenitor cells in brain ad breast malignancies

    Författare :Gabriella Honeth; Bröstcancer-genetik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Neural progenitor cells; glioma; migration; chemokines; cancer stem cells; breast cancer; CD44; CD24;

    Sammanfattning : Stem cells have qualities that clearly distinguish them from all other cells. Capabilities like self-renewal, differentiation and migration make them truly powerful. This thesis deals with different aspects of stem/progenitor cells in relation to cancer. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Adenovirus for Cancer Therapy : With a Focus on its Surface Modification

    Författare :Di Yu; Magnus Essand; Dirk Nettelbeck; Uppsala universitet; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; Adenovirus; cancer; therapy; neuroblastoma; neuroendocrine; modification; Tat; PTD; cell penetrating peptide; Helicobacter pylori; NAP; Biology with specialization in Molecular Biology; Biologi med inriktning mot molekylärbiologi; Klinisk virologi; Clinical Virology; Medical Virology; Medicinsk virologi; Molekylär medicin; Molecular Medicine; Molekylär bioteknik; Molecular Biotechnology;

    Sammanfattning : Adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) is widely used as an oncolytic agent for cancer therapy. However, its infectivity is highly dependent on the expression level of coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR) on the surface of tumor cells. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Hypoxia and Stem Cells in Normal and Tumor Development

    Författare :Camilla Niklasson; Avdelningen för translationell cancerforskning; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cancer; neuroblastoma; hypoxia; preclinical cancer models; ALDH; HIF-2α; PT2385;

    Sammanfattning : Neuroblastoma is a childhood malignancy of the sympathetic nervous system and accounts for 15% of all cancer-related deaths in children. To understand the biology behind neuroblastoma, clarify timing of cellular events and expression profiles of proteins preceding neuroblastoma initiation, we need more relevant preclinical models. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Molecular Analysis of Breast Cancer Transcriptomes, Genomes, and Circulating Tumor DNA

    Författare :Eleonor Olsson; Bröstcancer-genetik; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; cancer stem cells; RNA splicing; breast cancer; mutations; circulating tumor DNA; early detection of recurrent breast cancer; sequencing;

    Sammanfattning : Breast cancer is a very heterogeneous disease in terms of clinical characteristics, genetic aberrations and prognosis. In Paper I, we focused on the CD44 molecule that often is aberrantly expressed in breast cancer and is widely used as a marker for cancer stem cells. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Development of Gene Therapy for Hematopoietic Stem Cells using Lentiviral Vectors

    Författare :Niels-Bjarne Woods; Andreas Ooka; Stefan Karlsson; Avdelningen för molekylärmedicin och genterapi; []
    Nyckelord :MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP; MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES; embryonic stem cell; Hematopoietic stem cell; lentiviral vector; transduction efficiency; transgene expression; multiple vector copy integration; insertional mutagenesis; NOD SCID mouse; cytogenetics; Genetics; extracellulära vätskor; extracellular fluids; cytogenetik; Genetik; Haematology; Hematologi; Lentivirus : genetics; Human; Genetic Vectors; Hematopoietic Stem Cells : metabolism; Animal; Gene Therapy; Leukemia : therapy; Leukemia : metabolism;

    Sammanfattning : Hematopoietic stem cells are an ideal target for genetic manipulation for the purpose of curing hematological disorders as they have the ability to develop into all blood lineages and to self-renew. In this study we demonstrate that lentiviral vectors, based on HIV-1, can efficiently transfer genes into human hematopoietic progenitor and stem cells as assessed following stem cell transplantation in immune compromised mice. LÄS MER