Sökning: "microemulsion"

Visar resultat 1 - 5 av 50 avhandlingar innehållade ordet microemulsion.

  1. 1. Water-in-diesel emulsion and microemulsion fuels: composition, structure and effect on emissions

    Författare :Anna Lif; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :NOx; microemulsion; combustion; diffusometry; alternative fuels; emission; emulsion; Fischer-Tropsch; MFC; PM; microfibrillated cellulose; NMR; surfactant; soot; diesel;

    Sammanfattning : Water-in-diesel fuels, as emulsions and microemulsions, give reduced emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) in combustion in diesel engines compared to regular diesel. These fuels can contribute to an improved local environment in densely populated areas as they can replace regular diesel in existing vehicles without any engine modification requirements. LÄS MER

  2. 2. Water-in-diesel emulsion and microemulsion fuels -The effect of water on emission levels

    Författare :Anna Lif; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :Combustion; Diesel; Soot; NMR; Microemulsion; PM; Emulsion; Surfactant; NOx; Diffusometry; Alternative fuels; Emission;

    Sammanfattning : Water-in-diesel emulsions are known as environmentally favourable alternatives to conventional diesel fuel. Introducing water into the combustion results in reduced emissions of the health hazardous components nitrogen oxide (NOx) and particulate matter (PM). The concept of using emulsions is advantageous as it is easy to replace regular diesel. LÄS MER

  3. 3. Organic Synthesis in Nonionic Microemulsions

    Författare :Maria Häger; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :organic reaction; phase behaviour; microemulsion; reaction kinetics;

    Sammanfattning : The aim of this work has been to explore the use of microemulsions as reaction media for organic synthesis. Another important aim has been to improve the understanding of the reaction kinetics and the mechanism of the reaction in this type of surfactant system. LÄS MER

  4. 4. Lecithin-Based Microemulsions for Pharmaceutical use - Phase behavior and Solution Structure

    Författare :Christian von Corswant; Livsmedelsteknik; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; Food and drink technology; felodipine; solubilization; drug delivery; self-diffusion NMR; alkylmaltoside; microstructure; isopropyl myristate; triglyceride; soybean phosphatidylcholine; Microemulsion; lecithin; Livsmedelsteknik;

    Sammanfattning : Microemulsions are thermodynamically stable, transparent solutions of water, oil and amphiphile(s). It is possible to incorporate large amounts of oil in microemulsions, which makes them interesting for use as a drug delivery vehicle for water insoluble drugs. A prerequisite for pharmaceutical use, however, is a low toxicity of the composition. LÄS MER

  5. 5. Nanomaterials for high-temperature catalytic combustion

    Författare :Erik Elm Svensson; Sven Järås; Magali Boutonnet; KTH; []
    Nyckelord :ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; catalytic combustion; microemulsion; hexaaluminate; magnesia; perovskite; ceria; methane; gas turbine; katalytisk förbränning; mikroemulsion; hexaaluminat; magnesia; perovskit; ceriumdioxid; metan; gasturbin; Catalysis; Katalys;

    Sammanfattning : Katalytisk förbränning är en lovande teknik för användning vid kraftgenerering, särskilt för gasturbiner. Genom att använda katalytisk förbränning kan man nå mycket låga emissioner av kväveoxider (NOX), kolmonoxid (CO) och oförbrända kolväten (UHC) samtidigt, vilket är svårt vid konventionell förbränning. LÄS MER