Sökning: "enzymatic hydrolysis"

Visar resultat 6 - 10 av 124 avhandlingar innehållade orden enzymatic hydrolysis.

  1. 6. Enhanced Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Lignocellulose in Bioethanol Production Substrate Interactions with Surfactants and Polymers

    Författare :Johan Börjesson; Biokemi och Strukturbiologi; []
    Nyckelord :NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; enzymologi; Penicillium brasilianum; SSF; Ethanol; Proteins; enzymology; Proteiner; Protease; Adsorption; PEG; Surfactant; Hydrolysis; Lignocellulose; Cellulase; Hypocrea jecorina; Trichoderma reesei; Cellulose;

    Sammanfattning : Ethanol produced from cellulose is a promising future alternative fuel. The production process has three main steps: (i) pretreatment of raw material to increase degradability; (ii) enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose to produce glucose; (iii) fermentation of glucose into bioethanol. LÄS MER

  2. 7. Quantum Chemical Modeling of Asymmetric Enzymatic Reactions

    Författare :Maria E. S. Lind; Fahmi Professor; Rajeev Prabhakar; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; biocatalysis; enantioselectivity; density functional theory; B3LYP; enzyme; hydrolysis; decarboxylation; Organic Chemistry; organisk kemi;

    Sammanfattning : Computational methods are very useful tools in the study of enzymatic reactions, as they can provide a detailed understanding of reaction mechanisms and the sources of various selectivities. In this thesis, density functional theory has been employed to examine four different enzymes of potential importance for biocatalytic applications. LÄS MER

  3. 8. Quantum Chemical Cluster Modeling of Enzymatic Reactions

    Författare :Rongzhen Liao; Fahmi Himo; Robert Deeth; Stockholms universitet; []
    Nyckelord :NATURAL SCIENCES; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURVETENSKAP; NATURAL SCIENCES; cluster approach; density functional theory; B3LYP; enzyme; mechanism; dinuclear; trinuclear; zinc; tungsten; hydrolysis; decarboxylation; formaldehyde oxidation; hydration; methyl transfer; Quantum chemistry; Kvantkemi; organisk kemi; Organic Chemistry;

    Sammanfattning : The Quantum chemical cluster approach has been shown to be quite powerful and efficient in the modeling of enzyme active sites and reaction mechanisms. In this thesis, the reaction mechanisms of several enzymes have been investigated using the hybrid density functional B3LYP. LÄS MER

  4. 9. Biodegradable Surfactants Containing Hydrolyzable Bonds

    Författare :Maria Stjerndahl; Chalmers University of Technology; []
    Nyckelord :amide; alkaline hydrolysis; cleavable surfactant; carbonate; ester; biodegradation; CMC; enzymatic hydrolysis; mixed micelle;

    Sammanfattning : Surfactants with built-in weak bonds, so-called cleavable surfactants, are interesting candidates in the search for more environmentally friendly alternatives to traditional surfactants. The objective of this thesis was to perform a systematic study in which cleavable surfactants with different hydrolyzable bonds were compared with regard to physicochemical properties, and chemical and biological stability. LÄS MER

  5. 10. Novel Retaining Glycoside Hydrolases : Potential candidates for transglycosylation and hydrolysis

    Författare :Zubaida Gulshan Kazi; Bioteknik; []
    Nyckelord :TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; TEKNIK OCH TEKNOLOGIER; ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY; glycoside hydrolase; transglucosylation; alkyl glycoside; cyclodextrin glucanotransferase; Rhodothermus marinus; xylanases; hydrolysis; beta-glucosidases;

    Sammanfattning : Our society is moving towards renewable resources, where biomass, rich incarbohydrates, is producing chemicals and fuel. However, there are severallimitations when it comes to valorisation of the carbohydrates from renewablebiomass. LÄS MER